It has been six years since BMW launched the i3 electric vehicle, and so far, the company has sold more than 165,000 units worldwide. One of the most widely sold electric vehicle in the premium compact segment, since its launch, the BMW i3''s sales figures have steadily increased year after year. In fact, the company claims that early buyers of the car, who regularly travel long distances in their BMW i3 and have each completed more than 200,000 emission free kilometres. BMW Cars M5 i8 3 Series Z4 7 Series X1 X5 X7 M2 X6 M X6 X3 5 Series X4 M3 6 Series Gran Turismo 3 Series Gran Turismo M4 Also Read: BMW i3s In India: First Drive Review
Key point: For the time being, the MLRS still provides an effective rocket system for U.S. armored units. On February 24, 1991, the ground phase of Operation Desert Storm began. Over the next four days, the soldiers of an international coalition, formed to eject the Iraqi army of Saddam Hussein from the neighboring nation of Kuwait, carried out a whirlwind offensive that quickly overwhelmed their foe. During this time, tens of thousands of Iraqi soldiers were taken prisoner. Many of them, arms thrust upward in a sign of surrender, said one thing when they were taken into custody: No more steel rain. For weeks before the ground attack, these men had been systematically pummeled by the entire range of weaponry available to their opponents B 52 bombing strikes, air attacks using tons of precision smart weapons, plus many more thousands of tons of traditional unguided bombs and rockets. Added to this was the close air support of fighter bomber aircraft and attack helicopters. Artillery barrages dropped down on them by the dozens and hundreds, adding yet another level to the pounding they received. The cries of no more steel rain applied to none of these, however. Instead, it was the nickname of a deadly new artillery weapon seeing its debut in combat: the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System, or MLRS. Batteries of these weapons had been deployed to the Gulf with U.S. and British forces, who used them to blanket their target areas with hundreds of rockets releasing thousands of explosive submunitions, or bomblets, that devastated armored vehicles, trucks, equipment, and men. Volleys of rockets pounded the hapless Iraqi troops and paved the way for the sweeping infantry and armor assaults that followed. The MLRS proved itself alongside such other late Cold War weapons as the M1 Abrams tank, M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle, and AH64 Apache helicopter. Like these weapons, the MLRS had its origins in the 1970s development programs of the post Vietnam era. The MLRS Concept Takes Shape During the late 1960s and early 1970s, America s involvement in the Vietnam War drew most of the focus away from the traditional enemies of the time, the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies. As the United States gradually withdrew from the conflict in Asia, its attention once again returned to Eastern Europe, and the U.S. Army was not happy encountering the Russians new claws. The Soviets had taken advantage of America s distraction to build up its conventional forces to unprecedented levels. The Warsaw Pact now sat across the Iron Curtain with tens of thousands of new tanks, armored vehicles, cannons, and rocket artillery pieces. Artillery had always weighed heavily in Soviet planning, and they now had new, longer ranged cannons than most comparable American weapons. The disparity in rocket artillery was even more one sided. Soviet tactics used barrages of thousands of rockets fired from truck mounted multiple rocket launchers (MRLs) such as the BM 21. American artillery was only scantily supplied with rocket launchers, many of them left over from World War II. With some exceptions, U.S. planners heavily favored cannon artillery, primarily for its relative accuracy. Rockets at that time were considered area fire weapons; that is, they were fired en masse at an area of ground where the enemy was thought to be, rather than at a point target such as a bunker or trenchline. Existing rockets simply were not accurate enough for such pinpoint work, although they packed quite a punch and tended to have a terrifying psychological effect on the enemy. The Soviets were willing to saturate a target area with rockets, figuring that some, at least, would find their mark. For American artillerists, weaned on the concepts of accuracy and economy of expenditure in ammunition, large scale use of indiscriminate rockets simply was not palatable. A number of occurrences changed that mindset. In 1973, the Arab Israeli War broke out. Attrition rates in that conflict were far higher than expected, greater than any possible rate of replacement for lost armor and aircraft. One of the more effective Israeli tactics had been to hit enemy Surface to Air Missile (SAM) sites with MRLs. The American military establishment noted this. It also noted that in the event of war in Europe, NATO would have to fight outnumbered against a well equipped enemy in intense, destructive combat. After long debate, the U.S. Army finally wrote a requirement for a new rocket launcher in March 1974, calling it the GSRS, or General Support Rocket System. It would be used to engage enemy air defenses and for counterbattery fire, neutralizing opposing artillery. The new launcher would have long range and massive firepower, freeing the cannon units to provide close support to the infantry and armor. Several NATO allies, including the United Kingdom, France, and West Germany, were consulted and agreed to collaborate on the project. Since the Europeans already had looked at a similar system independently, their name was adopted, changing GSRS to MLRS. Design and Development Actual development began in September 1977, undertaken by the Boeing and Vought Aerospace companies, which beat out three other competitors for the contract. Development continued into the 1980s and eventually became the highest priority for the Field Artillery School, which considered it the Army s most spectacular new weapons system. After initial testing proved successful, the MLRS was adopted, with the first production models, designated M270, arriving at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, in August 1982. The first operational battery of M270s was formed in March 1983, and the new unit was sent to West Germany the following September. These batteries were composed of three platoons of three launchers each, a total of nine launchers per battery. By 1987, 25 such batteries were in service. The basic M270 was a self propelled armored vehicle that mated two main subcomponents: the Launcher Loader Module (LLM) containing the rocket pods and the hardware needed to load and unload them and the carrier vehicle, essentially an enlarged version of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle chassis. The vehicle was not quite 23 feet long, 9.5 feet wide, and 8.5 feet high. It weighed 52,990 pounds ready for combat. The three man crew sat in a cab above the engine compartment. This cab was armored to protect against small arms fire and artillery fragments. The engine was a Cummins 8 cylinder diesel developing 500 horsepower for a top speed of 40 miles per hour and a range of 483 kilometers. Directly behind the cab was the LLM, which carried two pods of six rockets each, one next to the other. For firing, the LLM raised and rotated to point to the vehicle s side. It could fire single rockets or any number up to its full load of 12 within 60 seconds. The crew consisted of a crew chief, gunner, and driver. The crew chief commanded the vehicle, oversaw firing operations, and performed checks of the other two crewmen. The gunner operated a firing panel to aim and fire the rockets at selected targets. The M270 s computer calculated the data for the rocket s direction of fire, point of impact, and range; these calculations were based on information received digitally via radio or entered manually by the gunner. The driver operated the M270 and performed maintenance. The heart and purpose of the M270 were its munitions. The basic rocket was the M26, with a range of 32 kilometers. It carried 644 grenade sized submunitions. A single M270 could blanket a 600 square meter area with 7,728 bomblets, devastating to men, material, and light vehicles, with a limited effect on armored vehicles. One battery of MLRS firing a complete volley of 108 rockets had the equivalent firepower of 33 battalions of cannon artillery. These rockets were packaged in pods of six rounds each. Rockets were only part of the picture, however. The M270 also fired the M39 Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) missile, each launcher carrying two missiles in place of the normal 12 rockets. The ATACMS carried 950 bomblets and had a range of 165 kilometers, giving MLRS the ability to range deep in enemy territory, hitting command posts, logistics depots, air defenses, and assembly areas for advancing units. ATACMS started development in 1985 and was rushed into service for Desert Storm. The MLRS Doctrine The doctrine for the use of MLRS sought to take advantage of its mobility and firepower. To avoid the expected Soviet counterbattery fire, M270s would spread out individually and hide themselves until needed for a mission. The launcher would then move to a firing position, launch its rockets, and immediately move away, hopefully before the Soviets could calculate the launch point using radar and fire on it. The M270 crew would then proceed to a reloading point, load fresh rocket pods, and move to a completely new hiding position near a different firing point. This would prevent the enemy from destroying the valuable launchers as they poured volley after volley into the advancing Soviet armored hordes. Fortunately for all concerned, such combat never happened before the Cold War came to an end. Instead, the MLRS would be called upon in the deserts of the Middle East. When the Iraqi Army conquered Kuwait in 1990, hundreds of thousands of American troops were sent to Saudi Arabia, first to defend against further Iraqi aggression and then to free Kuwait from its occupiers. They took with them 89 MLRS launchers. The baptism of fire for the M270 came on January 17, 1991. That day, Battery A of the 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery was traveling west on a highway called Tapline Road, en route to an assembly area. At 1620 hours, an order came to fire its ATACMS missiles at SAM sites that posed a danger to planned B 52 air strikes. Although it took several hours to coordinate clear airspace for the missile s trajectories, at 0042 on January 18, two missiles roared from their launchers, destroying both SAM sites. Battery A fired six more missiles that day targeting more of the Iraqi air defense network. 1 2 Next View the discussion thread. copy; Copyright 2019 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved
Jeffery Shaun Rushin was arrested and charged with aggravated assault, evading arrests, reckless endangerment, leaving the scene of an accident, driving under the influence, vandalism, theft over $1,000 and multiple traffic infractions.Obion County, Tennessee officials said around 6:33 p.m. on Wednesday, Dec. 11 they were called to Church Road for an altercation in Harris Station involving a gun.
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The Bergen County resident held in the choking murder death of a woman he was having physical intercourse with took a photograph of the dead victim s body and posted it on social media Snapchat before asking for help, according to the magistrate in the matter.An examination into the murder of Francis Veronica Garcia, 19 year old, found that Michael Gaffney, 21 year old, turned to Snapchat after the woman fell motionless in the back seat of her vehicle, according to Superior Court Judge Margaret Foti.
CHANDIGARH: A 32 year old motorist, grandson of Lt Gen PN Hoon (retd), a former GOC in C of the Western Command, who was allegedly driving under the influence of liquor, has been arrested by the UT police after he reportedly hit a PCR vehicle twice when he was signalled to stop the vehicle, a Hyundai Venue.MUMBAI: Amitabh Bachchan turns 77 on October 11 but the superstar is in no mood to celebrate his birthday this year.
PUBG Mobile is all set to receive a new update that will bring some new elements to make the gameplay more exciting. Among the key changes coming with the PUBG Mobile 0.15.0 update is the amphibious BRDM 2 vehicle for an all terrain battleground navigation experience with the added security of having bulletproof tyres. Another new element is the ledge grab that recently made its way to the game's PC version and allows players to essentially do parkour. Lastly, the PUBG Mobile 0.15.0 update will also introduce gas cans, which means the red fuel canisters can now double as a weapon as well.The official PUBG Mobile Twitter handle has revealed that the upcoming 0.15.0 update will bring the BRDM 2 vehicle, replacing the armoured UAZ. The amphibious BRDM 2 vehicle accommodates 4 players, and if its strengths in the core PUBG game for PC are anything to by, it will offer a higher level of resistance against weapons and red zone damage compared to the armoured UAZ.
The portfolio of EVs Ford introduced in Germany include the Kuga Plug In Hybrid midsized SUV, the Explorer Plug In Hybrid seven seat SUV, the Puma Eco Boost Hybrid compact SUV, and the Mondeo Hybrid wagon. Ford s highly anticipated, all electric Mustang inspired SUV will arrive in 2020."There is no one size fits all solution when it comes to electrification every customer s circumstances and travel needs are different," Joerg Beyer, executive director, engineering at Ford of Europe said. "Our strategy is to pair the right electrified powertrain option to the right vehicle, helping our customers make their electrified vehicle experience easy and enjoyable."
The cost of fines has been increased almost five times the previous penalties. Drink and drive, not making way for an emergency vehicle, driving without a license, a vehicle without a permit are some offences with a fine of almost Rs 10,000. So needless to say, the new traffic rules are a lot more stringent and can invite imprisonment along with the penalty. Netizens are feeling the fear already it seems, as funny jokes and memes on paying fines are all over social media. Check Funny Memes on #NewTrafficRules:
The Mangaluru police, who recently caught the duo with the pass, contacted the MLC s office in the city to verify its authenticity and learnt that the pass was fake.Manohar collected details of the vehicle, its owner and from whom he obtained the pass. He filed a complaint with the Vidhana Soudha police on August 29.
The matter came to light after the automatic number plate reader sent a challan to the minister's residence. Accepting that he was fined for traffic violation, the minister told India Today he had paid penalty many times, even during his tenure as an MLA. The minister candidly accepted that even those who make the law have to follow them.Notably, the minister, despite being entitled for a escort vehicle, prefers to travel in a non VIP vehicle. He said the decision to install new traffic system was taken after several bitter experiences at traffic junctions, including confrontation between people and traffic cops. "It will ensure a hassle free traffic system and those commuting on road will definitely need to abide by the rule and law," the minister said.
Your browser does not support the audio element.The government on Friday announced a slew of measures to ensure that loans for home, vehicles and consumer goods become cheaper and widely available through banking and non banking finance companies.
According to the Cuyahoga County Prosecutor s Office, the incident took place on August 16 on Euclid Avenue in the City of Euclid.Nhiwatiwa approached the victim when she was waiting for her school bus. He asked her if she needed a ride to school. When the girl refused, Nhiwatiwa drove away, only to return about a minute later. He parked his vehicle, walked up to the girl and exposed his genitals. He then began to urinate on the victim s head, upper body and legs while filming it. When he returned to his car and drove off, that s when the girl called her mother at work to inform about the incident.
The U.S. Secret Service confirmed Friday morning that it has shuttered the streets surrounding the Israeli embassy in downtown Washington, D.C. following reports "of a suspicious person and vehicle," a Secret Service spokesperson confirmed to the Washington Free Beacon."This morning at approximately 8:00 a.m. Secret Service Uniformed Division officers responded to the report of a suspicious person and vehicle near the Embassy of Israel," the official said. " Uniformed Division officers initiated road closures to vehicular and pedestrian traffic and MPD EOD responded to the scene and cleared the vehicle. Road closures remain in effect and will be lifted at the conclusion of the investigation."
Those plans, discussed at a Mars science conference and working group meeting last week, would involve two launches in 2026 to send spacecraft to fetch samples collected by NASA s Mars 2020 rover and return them to Earth in 2031.NASA and ESA officials signed a statement of intent in April 2018 to study cooperation on a series, or campaign, of Mars sample return missions that follow a lean sample return architecture announced by NASA in August 2017. Under the proposed cooperation, NASA would provide a Mars lander mission, with a European built rover, that would grab the samples collected by Mars 2020 and place them into a Mars ascent vehicle, a small rocket that would launch them into Mars orbit. An Earth return orbiter, built by ESA, would collect the sample container and return it to Earth.
A 32 year old CRPF constable, attached with the prime minister #39;s security detail, was killed and two others were injured when a college student rammed his Mercedes into their car after jumping a red light in south Delhi #39;s Greater Kailash 1, police said Friday.Narender Baswal, succumbed to injuries at the AIIMS Trauma Center around 8.30 am on Friday, while Vinod Kumar (36) and Babulal Yadav (38) were discharged after treatment, they said.
The newly appointed Advisor to Governor, Farooq Ahmad Khan has decided not to use bulletproof vehicle while moving in Srinagar city and Jammu.The Advisor said that he would not like to have any pilot vehicle, bulletproof escort and bulletproof sitting vehicle while moving in Srinagar city and districts of Jammu. Therefore, he said, he is returning these vehicles.
An official statement said today: "The advisor said that he would not like to have any pilot vehicle, bullet proof escort and bullet proof sitting vehicle while moving in Srinagar city and Jammu district. "Therefore, he said, he is returning these vehicles.
Michael Adams, 27, has been charged with the first degree murder of 17 year old Elijah Al Amin. The teenager died from his injuries after his throat was slit at around 1:42 a.m. at a Circle K store in Peoria on July 4.According to court documents, seen by AZ Central, Adams told police that he decided to kill the teenager because he was playing rap music in his vehicle, which made him feel unsafe.