Carbon dioxide emissions could fall by the largest amount since World War II this year as the coronavirus outbreak brings economies to a virtual standstill, according to the chair of a network of scientists providing benchmark emissions data.Rob Jackson, who chairs the Global Carbon Project, which produces widely watched annual emissions estimates, said carbon output could fall by more than 5 percent year on year the first dip since a 1.4 percent reduction after the 2008 financial crisis.
When researcher Josh Santarpia stands at the foot of a bed, taking measurements with a device that can detect tiny, invisible particles of mucus or saliva that come out of someone''s mouth and move through the air, he can tell whether the bedridden person is speaking or not just by looking at the read out on his instrument."So clearly the particles that that person is putting out are being breathed in by someone that is five feet away from them, at the foot of their bed," says Santarpia, who studies biological aerosols at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. "Do they contain virus? I don''t know for sure."
Scientists warn that sweet modified milk can have serious health consequences (Photo: Getty PhotoAlto)A disturbing new study raised questions about infant ''s milk sugar levels, which in some cases contain twice as much as Fanta.
Technology is helping to keep people stay connected and productive through the crisis. Image: REUTERS Stringer CHINA OUT. RC2RRF90T1RL With the collaboration of Statista 31 Mar 2020 Felix Richter Data Journalist, Statista World vs Virus Podcast Listen now on Spotify Most Popular How long coronavirus survives on surfaces and what it means for handling money, food and moreIan M. Mackay and Katherine Arden The Conversation 28 Mar 2020 Life is carrying on as normal in Sweden scientists explain the controversial approachPaul Franks and Peter M Nilsson The Conversation 29 Mar 2020 Global COVID 19 response has slashed CO2 emissions here s how to keep them lowSimone Abram The Conversation 26 Mar 2020 More on the agenda Explore context COVID 19 Explore the latest strategic trends, research and analysis With a significant proportion of the world''s inhabitants living under lockdown, a number of apps have seen a spike in downloads to help people stay connected during the COVID 19 pandemic. Global downloads of Skype, Zoom, and Houseparty have surged by over 100%. As a significant part of the world population is currently on lockdown in an attempt to contain the coronavirus pandemic, people are turning to technology to work, communicate and stay in touch with their loved ones.Unsurprisingly, workplace communication tools such as Slack and Teams have seen a jump in usage as working from home has become the new norm in recent weeks. People are also making use of similar tools in their personal lives, however, leading to a spike in downloads of video chat apps.
The vision that Margaret Thatcher articulated in 1988 has set the model for how we live now and for which many of us have voted many times. It is the Empire of the Market. At its core is the free choice of an individual over regulation by an overbearing state. This means less government, lower taxes, deregulation and businesses freed from the dead hand of bureaucracy or any wider obligations to society. Thatcher argued that a free market is the only system that works, that it is the best way to build wealth, distribute services and grow the economy. Her vision was so alluring that by 1988 she was already in her third term as Prime Minister and was a role model for many other world leaders. Thatcher described her support of free markets as moral in that moral behaviour requires free choice by the individual to make the right decision. An enthusiastic and supportive media labelled those unwilling or unable to exert their free choice as scroungers, workshy and lazy, their children as delinquent, their lifestyles as feckless. In the following decades, personal taxes were slashed, essential services, such as water, power and telecommunications, privatised and education, especially higher education, increasingly commoditised. The purpose of universities was to train graduates for employment, the value of research was to serve the commercial needs of industry, the costs of science, technology and innovation were to be recouped immediately. Interestingly, the only areas where the state, i.e. tax payer, covered long term costs was in military expenditure and bailouts to failing businesses that were deemed too big to fail . No wonder our role models are now tycoons, captains of industry and successful speculators not teachers, doctors or scientists. Margaret Thatcher believed that there is no alternative to the Empire of the Market. Until now, her vision has prevailed. Now locked down at home, worried about our future and pondering the wisdom of signing up to a gig economy without social safety nets, it might be wise to reflect on whether there really is no alternative to the Empire of the Market. We have already had warnings of its limitations. When the crisis of 2008 revealed the risks of an unfettered financial services sector, we left it to self regulate. When extractive industries continued to damage our environment and health, we carried on consuming. When climate change disturbed planetary ecosystems, we said that bold actions were too expensive. In each case, we let a free market decide what was best for us as individuals, not for us as part of society or indeed as guests of the planet. Now a virus a few nanometres in length has said think again. As long as the State wasn t forcing us to stay indoors, we retained the free choice to infect others, including our families, friends and neighbours. Italy, Spain and, now, the UK will soon learn the cost of individual free choice to make the wrong decision.
Here in Washington state, a spokesperson for the nursing home that is the epicenter of a coronavirus outbreak said on Sunday that he and his colleagues had seen some residents go from no symptoms to death in just a matter of hours. COVID 19, the disease caused by the coronavirus, does not necessarily progress little by little toward a critical stage.The spokesperson s comments about the unpredictability and volatility of COVID 19 reminded me of how our planet is responding to climate change. While scientists measure climate change in fractions of degrees Celsius, its symptoms stubbornly refuse to emerge slowly and incrementally. We can no longer expect that weather patterns and glaciers and ecosystems will continue to change bit by bit. They may reach a tipping point and then collapse suddenly and perhaps even irreversibly like a patient in a nursing home who seems fine one day but is dead the next.
Hosts: Fraser Cain (universetoday.com @fcain)
Hosts: Fraser Cain (universetoday.com @fcain)
Betelgeuse is a ”variable ” star, known for wild fluctuations in its brightness. The star #39;s brightness is observed dipping in the last hundred years, but scientists have never recorded it changing quite so fast. Such a strange behavior of the star has kept scientists pondering: Is this a sign that Betelgeuse might go supernova?The star will likely meet its demise within the next 100 million years, which is practically a couple days in cosmic time. When the Betelgeuse goes supernova, it would explode into a bright, dazzling light that could be visible even during the daylight.
The tiny, less than 10 celled parasite Henneguya salminicola lives in salmon muscle, according to the finding published on Tuesday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PANS) of the United States.As it evolved, the animal, which is a relative of jellyfish and corals, gave up breathing and consuming oxygen or became anaerobic to produce energy.
While the Red Planet was forming in the Solar System, it was also hit continuously by planetesimals. What are planetesimals? They are solid objects from space coming together with many others under gravitation to form a planet, in this case, becoming Mars; moons, which are called Phobos and Deimos.Scientists recreated the impact produced during the red planet ''s creation. They also simulated the planetesimals attack by combining materials and computer programs; therefore, helping them to assess roughly how old Mars actually is. The materials used for this experiment are similar to the red planet ''s nature as well as pieces of the space matter.
India is a habitat of the world''s largest population of diabetes patients. A large number of these patients are at risk of developing kidney failure as a consequence of the condition. Early detection of diabetes patients at risk of developing kidney disease would help them to take preventive measures against the disease onset.A team of scientists from the National Chemical Laboratory (CSIR NCL) in Pune, researchers from the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation (MDRF) in Chennai, and from the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) in Bengaluru aimed to evaluate urinary asymmetric to symmetric dimethylarginine ratio (ASR) for early prediction of diabetic nephropathy (DN).
The death toll from the coronavirus outbreak in China has climbed to 2,118 as 114 more people died of the deadly infection overnight, while the overall confirmed cases increased to 74,576, Chinese officials said Thursday.The National Health Commission (NHC) of China today said the new confirmed cases declined to 394, registering the biggest drop since December when the first case was reported at Wuhan in the central Hubei Province.
Venus may be Earth s closest cousin, but for many planetary scientists, it can seem a distant dream. It s been nearly 30 years since a NASA spacecraft has visited the planet. But that could change, as missions to Venus are two of the four finalists for the agency s next two $500 million planetary missions, NASA announced today.
Here are seven largely untold scientists who have changed our world. Image: Daria Koshkina This post first appeared on Medium 12 Feb 2020 UN Women , Global Risks Report 2020 Read the report Most Popular Why you should focus on becoming more emotionally intelligent in 2020Dr Travis Bradberry LinkedIn 11 Feb 2020 Coronavirus facts and myths, future schools, tipping points to save usAdrian Monck 07 Feb 2020 These are the most innovative economies in the worldKatharina Buchholz Statista 10 Feb 2020 More on the agenda Explore context Gender Parity Explore the latest strategic trends, research and analysis The STEM fields have been plagued by gender biases excluding women and girls from learning sciences for years. From ancient Chinese medicine that saved millions of malaria impacted lives to the first mobile X ray units helping wounded soldiers, these are the stories of brilliant minds. For centuries, women have made significant contributions to the field of science. They ve discovered life saving remedies, devised world altering inventions, and produced far reaching research, but in many cases their invaluable advances are minimized or neglected.For too long, the STEM fields have been shaped by gender biases that exclude women and girls, past, present, and future. Unequal access to education, technologies, and leadership positions have steered countless bright female minds away from STEM careers and stalled their progress.
Launching a new chapter in the fast moving cancer immunotherapy field, scientists have blended two cutting edge approaches: CRISPR, which edits DNA, and T cell therapy, in which sentries of the immune system are exploited to destroy tumors. Two women and one man, all in their 60s one with sarcoma and two with the blood cancer multiple myeloma received CRISPR altered versions of their own cells last year, researchers report online in Science this week.
He said that ISRO was organising the Young Scientist Programme by primarily aiming at imparting basic knowledge on space technology, space science and space applications to the younger ones with the intent of arousing their interest in the emerging areas of space activities. He informed that ISRO chalked out this programme to 'Catch them Young', and aimed at creating awareness amongst the youngsters who are the future building blocks of the nation. In the two week programme during summer holidays, there will be invited extensive lectures, experience sharing by the eminent scientists, facility and lab visits, exclusive sessions for discussions with experts, practical and feedback sessions.
ST. AUGUSTINE, Fla. (AP) Scientists have found the wreckage of a cargo steamship that became associated with the Bermuda Triangle when it disappeared in 1925 off the Atlantic Coast of Florida.The SS Cotopaxi was sailing from Charleston, South Carolina, to Havana when it disappeared along with its 32 person crew. But a team of underwater explorers and maritime archaeologists have identified the wreckage of the ship about 35 nautical miles off the coast of St. Augustine. Their findings will be featured in the premiere episode of a Science Channel series, "Shipwreck Secrets, " on Feb. 9 at 8 p.m. EST.
However, wearable electronics currently face physical limitations because, traditionally speaking, silicon chips haven;t been designed to stretch like fabrics. The most limiting factor, though, is the battery, which can be challenging to make flexible #8212; until now.Writing in the journal Nature Communications, Stanford scientists have described a novel power source that can stretch and bend the way our bodies can.
However a new computer algorithm developed by researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science can predict gestational diabetes in the early stages of pregnancy, or even before pregnancy occurs, allowing earlier nutritional and lifestyle changes. Our ultimate goal has been to help the health system take measures to prevent diabetes from occurring in pregnancy, said Professor Eran Segal, whose team led the study published in Nature Medicine this week.