Electric vehicles, meanwhile, emit less pollution particularly in areas served by relatively clean power plants. You do not send fumes into the neighborhood while waiting for three cycles to get through a gridlocked intersection or circling for a Costco parking spot, and they are inexpensive to run and maintain.But many potential buyers are turned off by range anxiety : the fear that their electric car would run out of battery and strand them.
The high street retailer saw pre tax profits drop 17.1 percent to pound;176.5 million in the half year to September 28. Sales also slid 2.1 percent to pound;4,860.9 million for the period.Food sales grew but clothing and home slumped due to buying and supply chain issues.
Key point: The Cold War is full of examples of near nuclear disasters and those remain a threat today. What happens when you use the same satellites to control nuclear forces as well as conventional troops? Accidental nuclear war, that''s what could happen. That''s the warning by a Washington think tank, which argues that the U.S. is inviting nuclear war by using the same command and communications systems to oversee both nuclear and conventional forces. But such "dual use" systems risk an inadvertent nuclear war, because an attack on non nuclear assets, such as satellites or radars, could be perceived as an attempt to cripple America''s nuclear deterrent. The Trump administration''s draft nuclear policy already states that cyberattacks against America, or attacks on U.S. satellites, could constitute a strategic threat that merits a nuclear response. But this raises a problem called "nuclear entanglement," where the traditionally bright lines between nuclear and non nuclear systems become blurred. In a study earlier this year, the Carnegie Foundation for International Peace pointed out that Russia and China were guilty of entanglement. For example, Russia keeps nuclear submarines and bombers at the same bases as conventional ships and planes: thus a strike by conventional U.S. forces against conventional Russian forces the sort of operation common in World War II could be mistaken by Russia as an American strike on its nuclear forces, triggering Russian nuclear retaliation. China plans to attack American satellites to disable U.S. command systems and smart weapons that rely on satellite guidance, because China believes this to be a part of conventional warfare despite the Trump administration declaring otherwise. But a new Carnegie study says the U.S. is making the same mistake. "Starting in the last decade of the Cold War, the United States has increased reliance on dual use systems by assigning nonnuclear roles to C3I assets that used to be employed solely for nuclear operations," writes James Acton, co director of Carnegie''s Nuclear Policy Program. "Until the mid 1980s, for example, U.S. early warning satellites were used exclusively for detecting the launch of nuclear armed missiles. Today, they enable a variety of nonnuclear missions by, for example, providing cuing information for missile defenses involved in intercepting conventional ballistic missiles." The U.S. has also scrapped its Cold War land based communications systems for controlling nuclear forces. Which means that satellites have become virtually the only means for nuclear command and control, and those precious satellites are also handling non nuclear communications. Even as cyberwarfare and anti satellite weapons have emerged as major threats, U.S. satellite systems have become less redundant. In the 1980s and 1990s, the U.S. had two satellite based communication systems for nuclear weapons. "Today, the United States is in the process of deploying just four Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) satellites that will be the nation''s sole space based system for transmitting nuclear employment orders once legacy Milstar satellites have been retired," writes Acton. Similarly, one of two radio networks for communicating with nuclear missile submarines has been shut down. Acton explores several scenarios where the U.S. could overreact. "Russia might attack ground based or space based U.S. early warning assets to defeat European missile defenses that were proving effective in intercepting its nonnuclear missiles," he writes. "Washington might see such attacks, however, as preparations to ensure that limited nuclear strikes by Russia could penetrate the United States' homeland missile defenses." The U.S. fears that Russia could launch limited nuclear strikes to paint America into a corner, where it must either back down or risk escalating into full nuclear war. But Russia could attack dual use communications systems with the goal of disrupting the operations of U.S. conventional forces, which the U.S. might perceive as an attempt to cripple U.S. nuclear communications. These issues apply to a lesser extent to China, which knows (and the U.S. knows that China knows) that a Chinese first strike wouldn''t be powerful enough to prevent massive American retaliation. Still, a Chinese attack on, say, the Ballistic Missile Early Warning Radar system could be taken as the prelude to a Chinese nuclear strike. Recommended: Forget the F 35: The Tempest Could Be the Future Recommended: Why No Commander Wants to Take On a Spike Missile Recommended: What Will the Sixth Generation Jet Fighter Look Like? Acton does point out that the U.S. reaction will depend to some extent on context, such as whether Russia has placed its nuclear forces on alert. But this is a slender reed on which to avoid nuclear destruction. Untangling nuclear entanglement will not be easy. Russia, China and the U.S. are likely to balk at the cost of separating their nuclear and non nuclear command and control systems and facilities. Nor are they like to accept limits on weapons that threaten an opponent''s command and control systems, even if those systems have a nuclear function. Acton does suggest a few mild measures to mitigate the problem, such as more resilient command and control systems, or small space based sensors useful for detecting ICBM launches, but not for conventional warfare. The Carnegie report is particularly significant for missile defense. The proliferation of conventional ballistic missile threats against targets like ports, airfields or ships at sea means that missiles and missile defense have become an integral part of conventional warfare. This in turn means that missile defense systems have become conventional targets. Yet to attack them as part of a conventional war means scaring your opponent into fearing that this is the opening salvo of a nuclear strike. Michael Peck is a contributing writer for the National Interest. He can be found on Twitter and Facebook. This first appeared in August 2018. Image: Reuters View the discussion thread. copy; Copyright 2019 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved
Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan vowed not to allow any Islamic State fighters to escape northern Syria, in an editorial published Tuesday, following fears from Western nations over its offensive in the region.
Police are planning a reinforced security presence at the game, which is expected to be attended by some 78,000 spectators.While Turkey will officially bring 3,800 fans it is believed many more France based Turkey fans will be present in the home section of the crowd adding to security concerns and fears of trouble.
The World Cup winning midfielder, 28, missed the Euro 2020 qualifier with Iceland after limping off in the pre game warm up and replaced in the starting XI by Moussa Sissoko.
That s exactly what Twitter fessed up to yesterday in an understated blog post: the company has been taking email addresses and phone numbers that users provided for safety and security purposes like two factor authentication, and using them for its ad tracking systems, known as Tailored Audiences and Partner Audiences.Twitter claims this was an unintentional, inadvertent mistake. But whether this was avarice or incompetence on Twitter s part, the result confirms some users worst fears: that taking advantage of a bread and butter security measure could expose them to privacy violations. Twitter s abuse of phone numbers for ad tracking threatens to undermine people s trust in the critical protections that two factor authentication offers.
THE MOST revealing moment of the national day parade through Tiananmen Square on October 1st lasted just a few seconds. It came as China s fearsome new DF 41 nuclear missiles, capable of striking any city in America, neared Chaguan s press seat on the Avenue of Eternal Peace. Loudspeakers came to life as their camouflaged, many wheeled carriers growled towards the grand gateway of the Forbidden City where President Xi Jinping and other Chinese leaders waited on a rostrum. Unseen voices explained how the weapons would ensure that China always retains a deterrent capability, thus safeguarding peace. Turning lyrical, the voices compared the missiles to large dragons that can hide in massive mountains or boundless seas before delivering earth shaking blows. The hand picked crowd erupted in spontaneous cheers.Those cheers reflect two messages conveyed by the parade, which marked 70 years of Communist rule. The first is that China wields such firepower that no country may safely defy it. The second is that China is great again thanks to the Communist Party which is, and has always been, a force for good.
Updated: September 25, 2019 1:15 PM EDT
Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Sunday ruled out an immediate reduction in spending to balance this year s budget despite fears in some quarters that fiscal slippage may undermine India s economic stability and fuel inflation.Speaking to reporters in New Delhi, Sitharaman said she is not revising any budget target, including that of the fiscal deficit. On the contrary, the expenditure secretary is meeting secretaries of each department and pushing them to spend the allocated money. He has so far held four such meetings," Sitharaman said.
The Pentagon described the deployment as ”moderate ”, adding that forces will be defensive in nature. It added forces will primarily focus on air and missile defences. Sky news reported US troops and military equipment will also be sent to the neighbouring United Arab Emirates, a Saudi Arabian ally.
Libra is a blockchain digital currency planned to be launched in 2020. The social media giant plans to let its nearly two billion users to pay and send digital cash using Libra. M Le Maire has voiced his fears about Libra in the past, saying it is a "danger to consumers" and presents a "systemic risk". Nathalie Janson, an economist and crypto specialist at the Neoma Business School in France, told broadcaster France24 his concerns were justified.
Responsibility for the attack was claimed by the Houthi movement, a Yemeni based militant group that has been linked to Iran. The attack could reduce global oil output by 5 percent, causing prices to spike around the world.US secretary of state Mike Pompeo accused Iran of being behind the attack.
Asteroid are the small rocky bodies that in the inner Solar System, orbiting the Sun. There are millions of them flying around space and their collisions ndash; known as impact events ndash; have played a significant role in shaping many planets One of the most famous impacts on Earth, the Chicxulub crater, is believed to be the remains of a huge space rock that wiped out the dinosaurs.
The Tanzanian government said Saturday that there had been no confirmed cases of Ebola in the country amid earlier reports that a local woman may have contracted and died from the deadly virus, which has killed thousands of people across western and central Africa in recent years.The World Health Organization has sent a team of specialists to Tanzania to investigate the death of person due to an unknown illness.
That;s what event creator Matty Roberts was worried the AlienStock music festival in southern Nevada was going to turn into, so he;s pulled out of proceedings, with just over a week to go. "Due to the lack of infrastructure, poor planning, risk management and blatant disregard for the safety of the expected 10,000 AlienStock attendees, we decided to pull the plug on the festival, " Roberts and his team announced via the AlienStock website. "We are not interested in, nor will we tolerate any involvement in a FYREFEST 2.0. "
Pete Buttigieg s coming out story on the Democratic presidential debate stage Thursday proved to be a resonating and defining moment for the evening.It came at the tail end, after moderator George Stephanopoulos asked each candidate on stage to discuss how they have demonstrated resilience. Buttigieg discussed the fears he faced about coming out as gay while serving as mayor of South Bend, Ind., in 2015.