Space Exploration is a challenging, complex and very expensive endeavour. Any mission scenario is different and similarly challenging from the other. Currently the major space agencies are working towards destinations where human beings could one day live, such as the Moon and Mars. From my point of view both Celestial bodies are important for the future of exploration, for different reasons. The Moon for its vicinity to us and its strong relation with our wonderful planet; Mars being the only planet in our solar system that for distance and basic characteristics could be a realistic target for long duration space exploration. Nevertheless, and in order to achieve solid results it is very important to synchronise as much as possible the technological developments. If we wish one day to have humans living outside Earth, a clear step no matter the target shall be detailed by scientific characterisation and knowledge of the corresponding environments. We still need to understand how to protect our astronauts from the harsh space environment, how to use the planetary local resources for refurbishment or life support, get to know if there has been life on a certain surface and what happened, so on.The list of technologies needed for the next big move in space can be very large and different depending on the final target. For sure, launch vehicles are still a limit for space exploration in general, and even more in the case of human space exploration. We are still very young in in situ resources, utilisation and exploitation, in radiation protection, etc. Regarding Martian rovers an evident key area is giving them as much autonomy and long traverse capabilities as possible. The latter clearly for a wider access to the planetary surface. Regarding on board autonomy it is essential to increase as much as possible the scientific return, robustness and reliability, on board resources optimisation, the future collaboration with astronauts, etc.
Raja Jon Vurputoor Chari, an Indian American US Air Force colonel, is among the 11 new NASA graduates who have successfully completed their over two years apos; of basic astronaut training. They are all set to be a part of the space agency apos;s ambitious future missions to the International Space Station, Moon and Mars.
Brock Lesnar will make his first WWE appearance of 2020 on tonight''s episode of Raw, during which we'll likely learn his WWE Championship opponent for the upcoming Royal Rumble pay per view (26 January).This is according to Cageside Seats' daily Rumor Roundup column, though it''s also heavily hinted in WWE.com''s official Raw Preview, which asks: "what will 'The Conquerer' and Paul Heyman have in store for the new year? And will any Superstar dare put their future in jeopardy by stepping in his path?"
Forza Motorsport 7 (2017)If they ever invented racing game Top Trumps, Forza Motorsport 7 would be the all conquering card you d covertly sneak into your own hand when you were shuffling the deck. You simply can t argue with the numbers in FM7 over 800 cars from 99 manufacturers and 30 circuits on which to stretch their legs. If your favourites aren t in here, have you checked you re not into horse racing instead?As befitting of a game with a production budget that would match the GDP of a small country, Forza 7 is also visually stunning. This semi sim pushes current top end Xbox hardware to its absolute limits with its silky 60 frames per second motion and crisp 4K visuals. It s like a spa weekend for your eyeballs.
Key point: For the time being, the MLRS still provides an effective rocket system for U.S. armored units. On February 24, 1991, the ground phase of Operation Desert Storm began. Over the next four days, the soldiers of an international coalition, formed to eject the Iraqi army of Saddam Hussein from the neighboring nation of Kuwait, carried out a whirlwind offensive that quickly overwhelmed their foe. During this time, tens of thousands of Iraqi soldiers were taken prisoner. Many of them, arms thrust upward in a sign of surrender, said one thing when they were taken into custody: No more steel rain. For weeks before the ground attack, these men had been systematically pummeled by the entire range of weaponry available to their opponents B 52 bombing strikes, air attacks using tons of precision smart weapons, plus many more thousands of tons of traditional unguided bombs and rockets. Added to this was the close air support of fighter bomber aircraft and attack helicopters. Artillery barrages dropped down on them by the dozens and hundreds, adding yet another level to the pounding they received. The cries of no more steel rain applied to none of these, however. Instead, it was the nickname of a deadly new artillery weapon seeing its debut in combat: the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System, or MLRS. Batteries of these weapons had been deployed to the Gulf with U.S. and British forces, who used them to blanket their target areas with hundreds of rockets releasing thousands of explosive submunitions, or bomblets, that devastated armored vehicles, trucks, equipment, and men. Volleys of rockets pounded the hapless Iraqi troops and paved the way for the sweeping infantry and armor assaults that followed. The MLRS proved itself alongside such other late Cold War weapons as the M1 Abrams tank, M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle, and AH64 Apache helicopter. Like these weapons, the MLRS had its origins in the 1970s development programs of the post Vietnam era. The MLRS Concept Takes Shape During the late 1960s and early 1970s, America s involvement in the Vietnam War drew most of the focus away from the traditional enemies of the time, the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies. As the United States gradually withdrew from the conflict in Asia, its attention once again returned to Eastern Europe, and the U.S. Army was not happy encountering the Russians new claws. The Soviets had taken advantage of America s distraction to build up its conventional forces to unprecedented levels. The Warsaw Pact now sat across the Iron Curtain with tens of thousands of new tanks, armored vehicles, cannons, and rocket artillery pieces. Artillery had always weighed heavily in Soviet planning, and they now had new, longer ranged cannons than most comparable American weapons. The disparity in rocket artillery was even more one sided. Soviet tactics used barrages of thousands of rockets fired from truck mounted multiple rocket launchers (MRLs) such as the BM 21. American artillery was only scantily supplied with rocket launchers, many of them left over from World War II. With some exceptions, U.S. planners heavily favored cannon artillery, primarily for its relative accuracy. Rockets at that time were considered area fire weapons; that is, they were fired en masse at an area of ground where the enemy was thought to be, rather than at a point target such as a bunker or trenchline. Existing rockets simply were not accurate enough for such pinpoint work, although they packed quite a punch and tended to have a terrifying psychological effect on the enemy. The Soviets were willing to saturate a target area with rockets, figuring that some, at least, would find their mark. For American artillerists, weaned on the concepts of accuracy and economy of expenditure in ammunition, large scale use of indiscriminate rockets simply was not palatable. A number of occurrences changed that mindset. In 1973, the Arab Israeli War broke out. Attrition rates in that conflict were far higher than expected, greater than any possible rate of replacement for lost armor and aircraft. One of the more effective Israeli tactics had been to hit enemy Surface to Air Missile (SAM) sites with MRLs. The American military establishment noted this. It also noted that in the event of war in Europe, NATO would have to fight outnumbered against a well equipped enemy in intense, destructive combat. After long debate, the U.S. Army finally wrote a requirement for a new rocket launcher in March 1974, calling it the GSRS, or General Support Rocket System. It would be used to engage enemy air defenses and for counterbattery fire, neutralizing opposing artillery. The new launcher would have long range and massive firepower, freeing the cannon units to provide close support to the infantry and armor. Several NATO allies, including the United Kingdom, France, and West Germany, were consulted and agreed to collaborate on the project. Since the Europeans already had looked at a similar system independently, their name was adopted, changing GSRS to MLRS. Design and Development Actual development began in September 1977, undertaken by the Boeing and Vought Aerospace companies, which beat out three other competitors for the contract. Development continued into the 1980s and eventually became the highest priority for the Field Artillery School, which considered it the Army s most spectacular new weapons system. After initial testing proved successful, the MLRS was adopted, with the first production models, designated M270, arriving at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, in August 1982. The first operational battery of M270s was formed in March 1983, and the new unit was sent to West Germany the following September. These batteries were composed of three platoons of three launchers each, a total of nine launchers per battery. By 1987, 25 such batteries were in service. The basic M270 was a self propelled armored vehicle that mated two main subcomponents: the Launcher Loader Module (LLM) containing the rocket pods and the hardware needed to load and unload them and the carrier vehicle, essentially an enlarged version of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle chassis. The vehicle was not quite 23 feet long, 9.5 feet wide, and 8.5 feet high. It weighed 52,990 pounds ready for combat. The three man crew sat in a cab above the engine compartment. This cab was armored to protect against small arms fire and artillery fragments. The engine was a Cummins 8 cylinder diesel developing 500 horsepower for a top speed of 40 miles per hour and a range of 483 kilometers. Directly behind the cab was the LLM, which carried two pods of six rockets each, one next to the other. For firing, the LLM raised and rotated to point to the vehicle s side. It could fire single rockets or any number up to its full load of 12 within 60 seconds. The crew consisted of a crew chief, gunner, and driver. The crew chief commanded the vehicle, oversaw firing operations, and performed checks of the other two crewmen. The gunner operated a firing panel to aim and fire the rockets at selected targets. The M270 s computer calculated the data for the rocket s direction of fire, point of impact, and range; these calculations were based on information received digitally via radio or entered manually by the gunner. The driver operated the M270 and performed maintenance. The heart and purpose of the M270 were its munitions. The basic rocket was the M26, with a range of 32 kilometers. It carried 644 grenade sized submunitions. A single M270 could blanket a 600 square meter area with 7,728 bomblets, devastating to men, material, and light vehicles, with a limited effect on armored vehicles. One battery of MLRS firing a complete volley of 108 rockets had the equivalent firepower of 33 battalions of cannon artillery. These rockets were packaged in pods of six rounds each. Rockets were only part of the picture, however. The M270 also fired the M39 Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) missile, each launcher carrying two missiles in place of the normal 12 rockets. The ATACMS carried 950 bomblets and had a range of 165 kilometers, giving MLRS the ability to range deep in enemy territory, hitting command posts, logistics depots, air defenses, and assembly areas for advancing units. ATACMS started development in 1985 and was rushed into service for Desert Storm. The MLRS Doctrine The doctrine for the use of MLRS sought to take advantage of its mobility and firepower. To avoid the expected Soviet counterbattery fire, M270s would spread out individually and hide themselves until needed for a mission. The launcher would then move to a firing position, launch its rockets, and immediately move away, hopefully before the Soviets could calculate the launch point using radar and fire on it. The M270 crew would then proceed to a reloading point, load fresh rocket pods, and move to a completely new hiding position near a different firing point. This would prevent the enemy from destroying the valuable launchers as they poured volley after volley into the advancing Soviet armored hordes. Fortunately for all concerned, such combat never happened before the Cold War came to an end. Instead, the MLRS would be called upon in the deserts of the Middle East. When the Iraqi Army conquered Kuwait in 1990, hundreds of thousands of American troops were sent to Saudi Arabia, first to defend against further Iraqi aggression and then to free Kuwait from its occupiers. They took with them 89 MLRS launchers. The baptism of fire for the M270 came on January 17, 1991. That day, Battery A of the 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery was traveling west on a highway called Tapline Road, en route to an assembly area. At 1620 hours, an order came to fire its ATACMS missiles at SAM sites that posed a danger to planned B 52 air strikes. Although it took several hours to coordinate clear airspace for the missile s trajectories, at 0042 on January 18, two missiles roared from their launchers, destroying both SAM sites. Battery A fired six more missiles that day targeting more of the Iraqi air defense network. 1 2 Next View the discussion thread. copy; Copyright 2019 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved
"If I say the word 'circus,' it means I'm ready to leave the party." That''s what Angie Ebba, 39, of Portland, Ore., tells close friends when she''s at a holiday soiree.It might sound strange, but coming up with a code word is one way Ebba tames her social anxiety. "If I need to leave, having a word I can slip into conversation is a discreet way to let my friends know," Ebba explains.
New research from Aarhus University shows that ants inhibit at least 14 different plant diseases. The small insects secrete antibiotics from glands in the body. On their legs and body, they also host colonies of bacteria that secrete antibiotics. It is probably these substances that inhibit a number of different diseases and researchers now hope to find biological pesticides that may conquer resistant plant diseases.
Nithya Subramanian Sep 30, 2019 middot; 09:30 am Rohan Venkataramakrishnan Share Tweet Email Reddit Print Comments Share Tweet Email Reddit Print Comments Welcome to the Political Fix by Rohan Venkataramakrishnan, a weekly newsletter to help guide you through India s complex political landscape. If you d like to get the Political Fix in your inbox every Monday, please sign up here.If you have any feedback, questions or comments about the newsletter, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The story revolves around four ISA (Indian Space Agency) women scientists who overcome a seemingly impossible technical deficit to launch the Mars Mission. Nandita Hariprasad (played by Sakshi Tanwar) who is the Program Director of M O M, comes across as a no nonsense woman who never lets short term emotions get in the way of her and her team s long term goals. The audience got a glimpse of her fierce character in the trailer which was loved by everyone. Moushumi Ghosh (played by Mona Singh) the Project Manager, is competitive to the core of her bones and hates it when she is not the one winning it all. Neetu Sinha (played by Nidhi Singh) Sr. Scientist Mission Design and Navigation and a born pessimist, believes that if there is a possibility of anything going wrong, it most probably will. What got her this position in ISA (Indian Space Agency) is her brilliant mathematics. Lastly, it is Meghan Reddy (played by Palomi Ghosh), a certified genius and an engineering geek, who puts her best foot forward to make this mission a success. These women not just make the whole nation proud, but also place India ahead of many other countries on the map. In the process, they conquer their own inward imperfections, making for an inspirational story.Commenting on the launch of the web series, Sakshi Tanwar said, During our research phase, we were shown an impressive documentary on this mission and we got a glimpse of the narrative and what all went into making it a success. Through this web series, we not only tried to celebrate the tremendous achievement of our nation but also the sheer hard work, grit, and determination of these wonderful women scientists.
The ”Great Silence ” is the observation and contradictory nature of why we have not found life elsewhere in the cosmos. The sheer size and age of the universe suggests that there should be something out there which is more advanced than us or at least on a par, so why has no evidence been found yet? The Milky Way alone is so old that enough time should have passed for an alien civilisation to have conquered it hundreds of times over.Yet, as far as scientists are aware, we are the only inhabitants.
Vince Vaughn and Kathryn Newton are set to star in an untitled body swapping thriller co written and directed by Chris Landon. The pic hails from Blumhouse (in association with Divide Conquer), which has housed a number of Landon 's films including Disturbia, four Paranormal Activity sequels, and the Happy Death Day films. Jason Blum is producing with Adam Hendricks.
The Pentagon has estimated the terrorist group has as many as 30,000 followers and has reverted to its roots as a deadly guerrilla insurgency. The United Nations agreed with the Pentagon s estimate of ISIS fighters remaining in Iraq and Syria, and found that ISIS s affiliates in Afghanistan, Libya and the Sinai also had 4,000, 3,000 and 1,000 hardcore fighters, respectively. Most worryingly, ISIS reportedly has set up fallback bases in the remote highlands to the southeast of Mosul, Iraq, in the Qara Chokh, Hamrin, and Makhmour Mountains. ISIS members are carrying out sleeper cell terror attacks in Iraq and Syria, including the systematic killing of pro government Iraqi elders, setting off massive car bombs, ambushing Shiite militias, dressing up as government troops at fake checkpoints and executing government employees, wiping out Iranian convoys in Syria, massacring pro government villagers in Syria, killing Syrian Army troops in ambushes, reconquering lands in central Syria, suicide bombing allied Kurdish Syrian Democratic Force fighters and Kurdish intelligence operatives.
Actress Tamannaah Bhatia, is a big star in south Indian films. Now that she has conquered the South with hits such as, Kandein Kadhalai, Ayan, Tadakha, Dharma Durai and the Baahubali series, she is now on a quest to find her own standing in Bollywood. She will shortly be seen in the Nawazuddin Siddiqui starrer "Bole Chudiyan." The actress considers the film to be one of her biggest opportunities in Bollywood and wants the audience to perceive her as a newcomer.
THE RESULT of the women s football World Cup final on July 7th seemed almost inevitable. America s 2 0 triumph against the Netherlands means that their record in the last 45 matches reads thus: one loss, five draws and 39 victories. The United States rarely played scintillating football during the knockout stages of the tournament, labouring to 2 1 wins against Spain, France and England. And for much of the final they struggled to conquer a spirited Dutch defence. But this American squad contains so many outstanding players that stifling them all for 90 minutes is nigh on impossible.
Manchester City fought so hard to finally land their man in Pep Guardiola that they could be forgiven for refusing to countenance a time when they have to cope without him once again.The Catalan has proven to be the final piece of the jigsaw for Sheikh Mansour apos;s City project, taking the Blues from regular but inconsistent winners to one of the most dominant teams English football has ever seen. Conquering Europe is now the final frontier.
Luckin Coffee customers use an app and can pick up their coffee in three minutes or have it delivered. Above, a deliveryman in Beijing. Wang Zhao AFP Getty Images hide caption
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