The study titled, Effect of Electronic cigarette aerosol Exposure During Gestation and Lactation on Learning and Memory of Adult Male Offspring Rats is to be published in Physiology amp; Behavior. The researchers exposed rats to either fresh air or e cig vapour, for one hour daily during their gestational period as well as days 4 21 of lactation.Male offspring (human male fetuses are known to be more susceptible to stress than their female counterparts) were followed for 19 weeks, after which their spatial learning ability and memory were tested.
Police and Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) officers rounded up four foreigners and 200 Filipino workers when they raided last Friday a warehouse being used a factory of fake cigarettes in Barangay Palattao, Naguillan, Isabela, authorities reported Sunday.Police identified the arrested foreigners as Wu Jia Jun, 26; Steven Tan, 31; Chen Qong Gong, 37; and We Yao Mei, 25. They introduced themselves as Koreans but probers suspect they were Chinese nationals.
If poetry was the literary form of the First World War, it was fiction that best expressed the reality of the Second. My next door neighbour for many years, Colonel Peter Peyman, was a veteran of Dunkirk. As a young subaltern he d fought in the rearguard and had been lucky to be evacuated. After his death his widow bequeathed me his small library of books on Dunkirk, all works of reputable military history. They are thick with marginalia: Rubbish , Never happened , Wrong I was there and so forth. One can read a sentence like, The 3rd battalion advanced under an artillery barrage and suffered many casualties and, while acknowledging that the 3rd Battalion must have indeed advanced, have no sense of what it was to undergo the actual experience of being part of that fatal manoeuvre. In writing about war and warfare, the subjective view always wins over the objective when it comes to answering the fundamental question: What Was It Really Like? And this is where the novel comes into its own. As if in response to this demand the Imperial War Museum has begun publishing a series of forgotten novels about the Second World War under the rubric of Imperial War Museum Classics (IWM). The criteria are fairly strict: the novels must have been written by people who directly experienced those aspects of the war they narrate and the books themselves must have literary merit . The first four titles were published last year and now we have numbers five and six: Fred Majdalany s Patrol (published in 1953) and Peter Elstob s Warriors for the Working Day (1960). Each novel, in its own way, makes for singular and compelling reading, and not just because of the authenticity of the experiences related. Fred Majdalany s short novel is set in the North African desert in 1943, after the Allied invasion of Operation Torch. As the title suggests it is the account of one particular patrol undertaken by a handful of men led by an officer called Major Tim Sheldon with the objective of scouting out one small strongpoint in the German lines. In fact the ordering and assembling of the patrol and the patrol itself bookend a long flashback where Sheldon remembers his convalescence in Algiers after sustaining an earlier wound. He visits a brothel. He becomes obsessed with one of his nurses and they have a brief affair before he returns to the front. Majdalany himself served in the Lancashire Fusiliers in North Africa and Italy and like all the IWM novels Patrol reeks with the details, textures and felt life of unrivalled autobiographical information. However, what sets his novel apart is the way he gives the context of this tiny local engagement its full import in the great scheme of the war. One can see how the individual soldier is the unwitting agent of a complexity of military decision making stretching further and further away, back to distant generals at a distant HQ. In this instance the mission of this particular patrol is arrived at almost by happenstance. Some sort of patrolling activity is mooted by a brigadier to keep the men on their toes. A place name on a map catches an adjutant s eye; he lazily suggests it as an objective for no specific strategic reason. Army wheels are set in motion and, on one particular night, Tim Sheldon and six soldiers creep out into the darkness of the African desert to meet their fate. This is how Majdalany sees the process, cast in a powerful metaphor: To have a spear point you had to have a spear, though at times it did seem to take an awful lot of shaft to support very little point; but that was a prejudiced notion usually confined to those who chanced to be attached to the point rather than the shaft. The tone of this passage is typical and it also applies to Elstob s novel, as well as the other four IWM Classics published in 2019. Together these novels produce a remarkable harmony of voice: a world weary cynicism and resigned stoicism. None relies on any kind of martial heroism or the language of that trope to make its point. War is deeply boring and uncomfortable, and intermittently utterly terrifying. You can hate your fellow soldiers as easily as like them. The officers commanding you may well be arrogant fools and idiots. You feel no great antagonism towards the enemy and a baleful eye is cast on those back home . The battlefield in Peter Elstob s Warriors for the Working Day is Normandy after the 1944 invasion. His alter ego is a young tank commander called Michael Brook. The Sherman tank that Brook commands has a crew of five and the novel is intimate with the relationships between the competing personalities on board. There is plenty of banter and the graveyard humour of men confined in a tiny shared space is underscored by the knowledge that the Sherman was outgunned and under armoured in comparison to the German tanks it was fighting. In his excellent introduction Alan Jeffreys reminds us that Shermans, susceptible to catching fire when hit, were nicknamed Ronsons after the advertising slogan used to pro mote Ronson cigarette lighters lighters that lit first time, every time . Beneath the coarse camaraderie is the knowledge that, when in action, the tank crew was in near permanent, acute, potentially fatal danger. It added a very dark edge to their wisecracks. Warriors for the Working Day is an exceptionally gripping account of what it must have been like to be a member of a tank crew as it fought its way through Normandy and across France towards the German frontier. It is a more conventional novel than Patrol, however. For all its pace and vivid colour Elstob has a tendency to reach for a clich rather too often and, like many novels of its era, relies on a kind of cor blimey demotic to convey character that hasn t aged well: They was windy that s what they was windy. They seen a few Jerry tanks and they said Oo la la we ve ad it and they scarpered orf ome. But the overall sensibility of Warriors is very similar to Patrol. Terms such as heroism, pluck, fighting spirit, derring do and the other indulgent euphemisms meant to spur on men at war are in short supply. Men do behave heroically but with little forethought, more as a matter of instinct and survival than with a view of anything legendary and glorious. Postwar, both Majdalany and Elstob had successful careers as writers. In addition to Patrol, Majdalany wrote a fine novel about the battle of Monte Cassino called The Monastery as well as writing military histories and working as a journalist for the Daily Mail. Elstob also wrote well received works of military history, but his progress after the war was altogether more rackety and unconventional. As an entrepreneur he and a partner made a fortune from a beauty product they invented called Yeast Pac. He was also a successful balloonist he almost made a transatlantic crossing in 1958 and for many years he was a stalwart vice president of the writers organisation English PEN. However, Warriors is his magnum opus, just as Patrol is for Fred Majdalany. But Patrol, I would argue, is more than just a grittily authentic voice from the front line; more than just a clear eyed, unromantic record of lived wartime experience. Majdalany is evidently aware of the many literary resources available to a novelist and his exploration of the mind of Tim Sheldon often verges on very cleverly handled, impressionistic stream of consciousness a stylistic choice not often found in war novels. Moreover, the book is shaped with deliberate knowingness, its structure carefully and cleverly coming full circle, allowing it to be ranked alongside that other great book about the North African campaign, Keith Douglas s remarkable memoir Alamein to Zem Zem (1946). One of the consequences of this Imperial War Museum series is that it permits us to see how the novel came to be the dominant literary form of the Second World War an intriguing contrast to the First World War, where poetry more or less reigned unchallenged as the way the imagination might engage with the conflict. Poetry was written by combatants between 1939 and 1945, but compared to the mass of excellent novels that were produced about the war it seems almost a pastime rather than a vocation. Perhaps this is to do with the fact that serious poetry after the First World War had become modern and difficult and therefore appealed to an intellectual minority, while the novel was democratic and flourishing. Also, the soldiers of the Second World War were better educated and better read throughout the ranks than their equivalents in 1914 18. Novel writing was not an elite pursuit. Confronted by the astonishing subject matter that they were living through, soldiers, sailors and aviators decided that the novel was the best medium to try to make sense of what they were experiencing the madness of a world at war as this superb series will no doubt continue to demonstrate. William Boyd s new novel, Trio , will be published in October this year Patrol By Fred MajdalanyImperial War Museum Classics, 192pp, 8.99 Warriors for the Working Day By Peter ElstobImperial War Museum Classics, 320pp, 8.99 Subscribe 1 per month This article appears in the 15 May 2020 issue of the New Statesman, Land of confusion
This also held true for women, with one third of women of low socioeconomic status suffering from obesity as opposed to 15.5% of those considered to be of high socioeconomic status. A man walks into a McDonald;s restaurant in central Jerusalem, on April 13, 2016. (Nati Shohat Flash90) Despite increases in the adult obesity rate, however, the NIHP report showed that childhood obesity is on the way down, with 6.9% of children reported to be significantly overweight. This is a slight drop of 7% 8% over previous years. The NIHP also found that around 20% of Israelis aged 16 74 smoke, a figure that appears to be in line with figures provided by the Health Ministry earlier this year, which reported that about one fifth, or 19.8 percent, of adult Israelis over age 21 are smokers. According to the NIHP, smoking rates also correspond to socioeconomic status, with men of low status smoking around twice as much as their high status counterparts. Arab and Haredi women were reported to have lower smoking rates. These figures did not account for the use of e cigarettes. Israelis smoking and drinking. (photo credit: Miriam Alster Flash90) The report stated that smoking rates remained relatively high despite recent efforts by legislators to stub out the habit among Israelis and claims by the Health Ministry that smokers are increasingly looking to quit. According to the ministry, 2% of smokers, or 24,865 people, applied for treatments to stop smoking this year, nearly double the figure in 2010. The fight against smoking has seen several sweeping changes in policy and law in recent years. Earlier this year, the Knesset passed into law new restrictions on advertising. Tobacco products cannot be advertised on Israeli internet sites, television or in public buildings. Ads are limited to print media only. A directive last year made smoking illegal in public entertainment venues, such as amusement parks and sports stadiums. In line with with global trends, the smoking rate in Israel fell from about 45 percent in the early 1980s to about 20 percent or less in the years since 2011. In 2016, that number rose to 22.5% before dropping back to around 20% in subsequent years. The NIHP also reported that while vaccination rates remain high, there has been a drop in the flu vaccination rate among those over the age of 65, with only 60.5% of those in this age cohort being vaccinated in 2018, down from 63.1% in 2016.Meanwhile, the Kan public broadcaster reported Sunday a slight increase in the number of people diagnosed with HIV in Israel. According to the outlet, 2018 saw 427 cases, compared to 399 cases among those aged 15 or older the previous year.
Arnold a cop d'une amende pour tre pass sans ticket. "C'est la deuxi me fois ", reconnait il. La "pousse ", comme l'appelle les agents, est l'incivilit la plus fr quente dans les gares, avec la cigarette grill e sur le quai. Une infraction m me quand c'est l'air libre et en s'isolant des autres passagers. " partir du moment ou c'est a r , je vois pas o est le danger. Mais bon c'est la loi, il faut la respecter ", estime une usag re, tout juste verbalis e. Dans les gares, il faut viter de circuler en trottinette, de mettre ses pieds sur les si ges, ou de bloquer les portes des trains. 20% des perturbations sur le trafic seraient li es ce type de comportements, et leur nombre continue d'augmenter.
Researchers have found that gay, lesbian and bisexual people are significantly more likely to use e cigarettes in the United States than straight people.
In India, over 10 million people die every year due to tobacco use, says WHO. This international body also revealed that there are approximately 120 million smokers in the country. According to Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2016 2017, 10.7 per cent of the Indian population are using tobacco. And Mizoram was on the top of the list. The data is concerning enough to push concerned authorities to take some significant steps to reduce its use and thereby bring down the hazards associated with it.Probably, that is the reason why the Indian government introduced e cigarettes as a healthier alternative to tobacco a few years ago. But now, its use, which used to be considered to be an effective way for smoking cessation, has come under questions. It has been associated with more than one health hazards by WHO. A few months ago, the Indian Council of Medical Research suggested a complete ban on the use of e cigarettes in India, stating that its use can increase cases of nicotine addiction among non smokers.
Sitharaman had barely finished waving assorted vapes at reporters, declaring them all illegal, when Twitter erupted with some obvious questions and comments.
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No information was provided about the deceased other than that they were an adult living in Illinois, and that they had died of some sort of pulmonary illness exacerbated or caused by vaping or e cigarette use. Others affected in that state have been between 17 38 and mostly men, the CDC doctor added on a press call earlier today.As little is known for sure about this growing problem, the team was hesitant to go beyond saying there was good reason to believe that these cases were all vaping related, although they differ in some particulars. They have ruled out infectious disease.
The movie #x2019;s producer Paul Van Carter also shared the photo of Flynn as Bowie -- complete with long blonde locks, a trilby hat and a cigarette in hand -- on Wednesday via Instagram.Directed by Gabriel Range (I Am Slave) and written by Christopher Bell (Netflix #x2019;s #xA0;The Last Czars), the movie is set in 1971 and sees Bowie as a 24 year old heading off for his first road trip to U.S. with his publicist Ron Oberman, played by GLOW #x2018;s Marc Maron. It #x2019;s a pretty eventful expedition, as along the way, Bowie discovers his famed alter ego Ziggy Stardust. #xA0;Jena Malone (Nocturnal Animals) also stars as Bowie #x2019;s wife Angie.