”You get diminishing returns whenever you introduce new weapons and you 're tweaking them, ” he said. ”So we would rather focus on a balanced operator with weapons that fit their kit and make sure they work first. ”
Chief of the Defence Staff Sir Nick Carter said a ”new age of alternative weapons ” including energy, bribes, corruption, cyber attacks, assassination, fake news, propaganda, soldiers in unmarked uniforms and deniable private military and security companies posed a huge threat to pace. Writing in the Sunday Telegraph he said: ”The character of politics and warfare is evolving rapidly, driven by the pervasiveness of information and the rate of technological change.
Key point: The Cold War is full of examples of near nuclear disasters and those remain a threat today. What happens when you use the same satellites to control nuclear forces as well as conventional troops? Accidental nuclear war, that''s what could happen. That''s the warning by a Washington think tank, which argues that the U.S. is inviting nuclear war by using the same command and communications systems to oversee both nuclear and conventional forces. But such "dual use" systems risk an inadvertent nuclear war, because an attack on non nuclear assets, such as satellites or radars, could be perceived as an attempt to cripple America''s nuclear deterrent. The Trump administration''s draft nuclear policy already states that cyberattacks against America, or attacks on U.S. satellites, could constitute a strategic threat that merits a nuclear response. But this raises a problem called "nuclear entanglement," where the traditionally bright lines between nuclear and non nuclear systems become blurred. In a study earlier this year, the Carnegie Foundation for International Peace pointed out that Russia and China were guilty of entanglement. For example, Russia keeps nuclear submarines and bombers at the same bases as conventional ships and planes: thus a strike by conventional U.S. forces against conventional Russian forces the sort of operation common in World War II could be mistaken by Russia as an American strike on its nuclear forces, triggering Russian nuclear retaliation. China plans to attack American satellites to disable U.S. command systems and smart weapons that rely on satellite guidance, because China believes this to be a part of conventional warfare despite the Trump administration declaring otherwise. But a new Carnegie study says the U.S. is making the same mistake. "Starting in the last decade of the Cold War, the United States has increased reliance on dual use systems by assigning nonnuclear roles to C3I assets that used to be employed solely for nuclear operations," writes James Acton, co director of Carnegie''s Nuclear Policy Program. "Until the mid 1980s, for example, U.S. early warning satellites were used exclusively for detecting the launch of nuclear armed missiles. Today, they enable a variety of nonnuclear missions by, for example, providing cuing information for missile defenses involved in intercepting conventional ballistic missiles." The U.S. has also scrapped its Cold War land based communications systems for controlling nuclear forces. Which means that satellites have become virtually the only means for nuclear command and control, and those precious satellites are also handling non nuclear communications. Even as cyberwarfare and anti satellite weapons have emerged as major threats, U.S. satellite systems have become less redundant. In the 1980s and 1990s, the U.S. had two satellite based communication systems for nuclear weapons. "Today, the United States is in the process of deploying just four Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) satellites that will be the nation''s sole space based system for transmitting nuclear employment orders once legacy Milstar satellites have been retired," writes Acton. Similarly, one of two radio networks for communicating with nuclear missile submarines has been shut down. Acton explores several scenarios where the U.S. could overreact. "Russia might attack ground based or space based U.S. early warning assets to defeat European missile defenses that were proving effective in intercepting its nonnuclear missiles," he writes. "Washington might see such attacks, however, as preparations to ensure that limited nuclear strikes by Russia could penetrate the United States' homeland missile defenses." The U.S. fears that Russia could launch limited nuclear strikes to paint America into a corner, where it must either back down or risk escalating into full nuclear war. But Russia could attack dual use communications systems with the goal of disrupting the operations of U.S. conventional forces, which the U.S. might perceive as an attempt to cripple U.S. nuclear communications. These issues apply to a lesser extent to China, which knows (and the U.S. knows that China knows) that a Chinese first strike wouldn''t be powerful enough to prevent massive American retaliation. Still, a Chinese attack on, say, the Ballistic Missile Early Warning Radar system could be taken as the prelude to a Chinese nuclear strike. Recommended: Forget the F 35: The Tempest Could Be the Future Recommended: Why No Commander Wants to Take On a Spike Missile Recommended: What Will the Sixth Generation Jet Fighter Look Like? Acton does point out that the U.S. reaction will depend to some extent on context, such as whether Russia has placed its nuclear forces on alert. But this is a slender reed on which to avoid nuclear destruction. Untangling nuclear entanglement will not be easy. Russia, China and the U.S. are likely to balk at the cost of separating their nuclear and non nuclear command and control systems and facilities. Nor are they like to accept limits on weapons that threaten an opponent''s command and control systems, even if those systems have a nuclear function. Acton does suggest a few mild measures to mitigate the problem, such as more resilient command and control systems, or small space based sensors useful for detecting ICBM launches, but not for conventional warfare. The Carnegie report is particularly significant for missile defense. The proliferation of conventional ballistic missile threats against targets like ports, airfields or ships at sea means that missiles and missile defense have become an integral part of conventional warfare. This in turn means that missile defense systems have become conventional targets. Yet to attack them as part of a conventional war means scaring your opponent into fearing that this is the opening salvo of a nuclear strike. Michael Peck is a contributing writer for the National Interest. He can be found on Twitter and Facebook. This first appeared in August 2018. Image: Reuters View the discussion thread. copy; Copyright 2019 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved
You May Also Like: 5 Best Submarines of All Time, 5 Best Aircraft Carriers of All Time, 5 Best Battleships of All Time and Worst Submarine of All Time. Key point: The world has many hotspots that could result into global warfare. The world has avoided war between major power war since 1945, even if the United States and the Soviet Union came quite close on several occasions during the Cold War. In the first two decades following the fall of the Berlin Wall, great power war seemed virtually unimaginable. Today, with China s power still increasing and Russia s rejection of the international order apparently complete, great power conflict is back on the menu. In what is slowly becoming a tradition here at TNI (see my predictions for 2017 and 2018) what are the most dangerous flashpoints to watch in 2019? The South China Sea: The South China Sea (SCS) has become wrapped into the growing trade clash between the United States and China. For now, that conflict is playing out in exchanges of heated rhetoric, tariffs and various other trade sanctions. The United States and Canada recently escalated the conflict by arresting an executive of the Chinese technology firm Huawei, which led to counter steps by China against Canadian citizens and U.S. firms. As of yet the United States and China have not drawn a tight connection between the trade war and the ongoing disputes in the SCS. However, as relations between the two countries deteriorate, one or the other might decide to escalate beyond dollars, words and legal filings. Indeed, if China and the United States conclude that their trade relationship (which has provided the foundation of global economic growth for the last two decades) is at substantial risk, and similarly conclude that further conflict is inevitable, then either might decide to take off the gloves in the SCS. Ukraine: The world remembered Ukraine when an incident at the passage into the Sea of Azov resulted in shots fired, a ramming and the detention of two Ukrainian patrol vessels. Whether instigated by Russia or Ukraine (and both governments appear to have played some part), the interception reignited tensions in a crisis that has smoldered for the last couple of years. The declaration of martial law by the Ukrainian government suggested the possibility of unrest in Ukraine. To be sure, Russia seems to lack any interest in disrupting the status quo ahead of the Ukrainian elections, while the Ukrainian government continues to lack the capacity to consequentially change facts on the ground. The upcoming elections will probably not change the basic equation, but could introduce uncertainty. Given the continuing tensions between Russia and the United States, even a small shift could threaten the uneasy balance that has held for the last several years, potentially throwing Eastern Europe into chaos. Persian Gulf: The perpetual political and military crisis in the Middle East has settled into an uneasy tedium. Economic pressure on Iran continues to increase, as the United States take ever more aggressive steps to curtail trade. The Saudi war on Yemen shows no signs of abating, and while the Syrian Civil War has dialed down to a low, slow burn, both the United States and Russia remain committed to their partners and proxies. But like any slow burn, the conflict could reignite. Political turmoil in Iran could destabilize the region, either pushing Iran into aggressive behavior or making the Islamic Republic a tempting target for its enemies. The tensions between Kurds, Turks, Syrians and Iraqis could break into open conflict at any time. Finally, the mercurial leader of Saudi Arabia has demonstrated time and again a proclivity for risk acceptance, even as whispers about the stability of the Kingdom grow louder. Given the strategic importance of the region, any instability could lead to conflict between the United States, Russia or even China. Korean Peninsula: It is undoubtedly correct that tensions on the Korean Peninsula have declined a great deal in the last year, as Kim Jong un has demonstrated a degree of forbearance regarding nuclear and ballistic missile tests, and President Donald Trump has toned down his rhetoric about confronting North Korea. And indeed, the prospects of an enduring peace are surely brighter now than at any time since the mid 1990s. And yet serious pitfalls remain. The president has staked his prestige on an agreement with North Korea, yet by most serious accounts North Korea has not suspended, or even slowed, its production of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. President Trump s advisors are aware of and unhappy about this fundamental contradiction. If Trump sours on Kim, if elements of the administration try to spoil any agreement, or if Kim sours on Trump, the relationship between Washington and Pyongyang could go sour very quickly. Moreover, neither China nor Japan are fully on board with reconciliation between South Korea and a fully nuclear North Korea, although their reasons for skepticism are quite different. All told, the situation in Korea remains much more dangerous than the most optimistic assessments would suggest. Unpredictable? As a colonel at the U.S. Army War College memorably phrased the problem, the United States has wrongly predicted every conflict since the Korean War. Why should we expect World War III will be any different? Great powers tend to devote diplomatic, military, and political resources to what they regard as the most serious conflicts on their plates. Less critical conflicts don t receive as much attention, meaning that they can sometimes grow into serious confrontations before anyone quite notices what s going on. Disruptive conflict could emerge in the Baltics, in Azerbaijan, in Kashmir or even in Venezuela, but the United States, China and Russia only have so much focus. If World War III comes about, it may well come from a completely unexpected direction. Final Thoughts: Is the world more dangerous today than it was a year ago? Perhaps not, although the decay of the relationship between China and the United States portends ill for the future. The flashpoints may change over time, but the fundamental foundations of conflict the decay of U.S. military hegemony and of the global international order that has accompanied it mean that the near future will likely become more hazardous than the recent past. Robert Farley, a frequent contributor to TNI, is a Visiting Professor at the United States Army War College. The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. This first appeared at the beginning of the year. Image: Reuters. View the discussion thread. copy; Copyright 2019 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved
ArsenalBio, a precision immunotherapy company backed by billionaire Sean Parker, launched Thursday with $85 million from a Series A funding round that closed in July. The company plans to use machine learning to discover new gene pathways to fight cancer and then use gene editing technology Crispr to create immune cells that are better at battling solid cancer tumors. amp; Since the company was born in mid 2018, we ve been busy refining our strategy, putting the team in place, amp;lsqb;and amp;rsqb; developing business plans, says Ken Drazan, the founding CEO who was previously the president of cancer detection startup GRAIL. Now felt like the right time to allow the culture of the company to be externalized. amp;
The "state actors" of Pakistan were behind the 10 odd weapons drop by drones across Punjab that took place in September, intelligence agencies have informed the home ministry. In a report to the ministry, the agencies have also questioned why the Air Force or the Border Security Forces were unable to detect the drone activity, sources told NDTV.
PUBG Mobile is all set to receive a new update that will bring some new elements to make the gameplay more exciting. Among the key changes coming with the PUBG Mobile 0.15.0 update is the amphibious BRDM 2 vehicle for an all terrain battleground navigation experience with the added security of having bulletproof tyres. Another new element is the ledge grab that recently made its way to the game's PC version and allows players to essentially do parkour. Lastly, the PUBG Mobile 0.15.0 update will also introduce gas cans, which means the red fuel canisters can now double as a weapon as well.The official PUBG Mobile Twitter handle has revealed that the upcoming 0.15.0 update will bring the BRDM 2 vehicle, replacing the armoured UAZ. The amphibious BRDM 2 vehicle accommodates 4 players, and if its strengths in the core PUBG game for PC are anything to by, it will offer a higher level of resistance against weapons and red zone damage compared to the armoured UAZ.
MGM Resorts International has reached an $800 million agreement with victims of the 2017 Las Vegas shooting.The gunman, Stephen Paddock, had hidden a massive cache of weapons on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay hotel. Fifty nine people died and nearly 1,000 were injured after Paddock began firing out the window, taking aim at a nearby music festival.
THE MOST revealing moment of the national day parade through Tiananmen Square on October 1st lasted just a few seconds. It came as China s fearsome new DF 41 nuclear missiles, capable of striking any city in America, neared Chaguan s press seat on the Avenue of Eternal Peace. Loudspeakers came to life as their camouflaged, many wheeled carriers growled towards the grand gateway of the Forbidden City where President Xi Jinping and other Chinese leaders waited on a rostrum. Unseen voices explained how the weapons would ensure that China always retains a deterrent capability, thus safeguarding peace. Turning lyrical, the voices compared the missiles to large dragons that can hide in massive mountains or boundless seas before delivering earth shaking blows. The hand picked crowd erupted in spontaneous cheers.Those cheers reflect two messages conveyed by the parade, which marked 70 years of Communist rule. The first is that China wields such firepower that no country may safely defy it. The second is that China is great again thanks to the Communist Party which is, and has always been, a force for good.
You May Also Like: 5 Best Submarines of All Time, 5 Best Aircraft Carriers of All Time, 5 Best Battleships of All Time and Worst Submarine of All Time. Key point: Much of our WWII history makes assumptions or simplifies what happened. For instance, horses were still widely used in addition to mechanized units. The Second World War remains an enduringly fascinating subject, but despite the large number of films, documentaries, books and even comics on the subject, our understanding of this catastrophic conflict, even seven decades on, remains heavily dependent on conventional wisdom, propaganda and an interpretation skewed by the information available. In my new book The War in the West: Germany Ascendant 1939 1941, first in a three volume history, I am challenging a number of long held assumptions about the war, many of which are based on truth by common knowledge, rather than through detailed and painstaking research.My Damascene moment came some years ago when I was being given a tour of the Small Arms Unit at the British Staff College at Shrivenham. I was glancing at a German MG42, known as a Spandau by the Allies. Of course, that was the best machine gun of the war, I commented, relaying what I d read in many books. Says who? Says who? retorted my guide and head of the unit, John Starling. In the next few minutes, he proceeded to deconstruct everything I thought I knew about this infamous weapon: that its phenomenal rate of fire caused massive problems of over heating, that it was widely inaccurate (for which having since fired one, I can now vouch), that is was incredibly expensive to manufacture, massively over engineered and lacked certain simple additions that would have made its handling so much easier. The men supporting this weapon not only had to carry vast amounts of ammunition to feed this thirsty beast, they also had to lumber around six spare barrels because of its readiness to over heat. And each barrel bore multiple inspection stamps. Which were, John told me, an utter waste of time in the middle of total war. Also From TNI: Donald Trump: The Worst President Ever? Also From TNI: Donald Trump: Best President Ever? Also From TNI: Why Japan Really Lost Pearl Harbor I was gobsmacked, but this visit led me down an entirely new line of research, and one that was equally revelatory. I began to realize that almost everything the Germans made was over engineered, from the tanks to gas mask cases to the field jacket of the lowly landser. Eventually, in the German military archives in Freiburg in the Black Forest, I found a memo from early December 1941, signed by Hitler, in which was the line, From now on, we have to stop making such complete and aesthetic weapons. In other words, up to that point, they had been consciously doing so. Needless to say, his instruction was not followed; those all metal, finely designed yet cumbersome and utterly pointless cylindrical gas mask cases were made right up to the end of the war, while still to come was the Panther tank, not to mention the Tiger, with its Porsche designed six speed hydraulically controlled semi automatic pre selector gear box, as complicated and sophisticated as it sounds and entirely unsuitable for front line combat or use by poorly trained young drivers. The transmission on a U.S. built Sherman tank was a robust four speed manual, simply made in vast numbers. America built 74,000 Sherman hulls and engines; Germany built just 1,347 Tigers. Studying such things in detail meant I was now looking at the operational level of war. Any conflict or business for that matter is understood to be conducted on three levels. The first is the strategic that is, the overall aims and ambitions. The second is the tactical: the coal face, the actual fighting, the pilot in his Spitfire or man in his tank. And the third is the operational the nuts and bolts, the logistics, economics and the supply of war. Almost every narrative history of the war ever published almost entirely concentrates on the strategic and tactical levels, but gives scant regard to the operational, and the result is a skewed version of events, in which German machine guns reign supreme and Tiger tanks always come out on top. Studying the operational level as well, however, provides a revelatory perspective. Suddenly it s not just about tactical flair, but about so much more. Britain, for example, decided to fight a highly mechanical and technological war. Steel not flesh was the mantra and that s why the British had a small army, yet still ensured it was 100 percent mechanized. They also developed a vast air force and built a staggering 132,500 aircraft during the war and that s 50,000 more than the Germans. Until the start of 1944, the priority for manpower in Britain was not the army or navy or even air force, but the Ministry of Aircraft Production. Well fed men and women were kept in the factories. Germany, on the other hand, was very under mechanized but had a vast army, which meant it was dependent on horse power and foot slogging infantrymen. As a result of so many German men at the front, their factories were manned by slaves and POWs, who were underfed and treated abominably, and whose production capacity was affected as a result. And if the ability to supply war was key, then in the war in the West, it was the Battle of the Atlantic that was the decisive theater. Yet Germany built a surface fleet before the war, which could never hope to rival Britain or France and in doing so neglected the U boat arm. Despite sinking substantial amounts of British supplies in 1940, it was still nothing like enough to even remotely force Britain to her knees. In truth, there were never enough U boats to more than dent the flow of shipping to Britain. In fact, out of 18,772 sailings in 1940, they sank just 127 ships, that is, 0.7 percent, and 1.4 percent in the entire war. Also From TNI: What Happens If North Korea Nuked Washington? Also From TNI: Iran s Military Could Hurt the U.S. in a War Suddenly, rather than appearing like David against Goliath and backs to the walls amateurs as is so often depicted, Britain emerges once again as a global super power in command of the largest trading empire the world has ever seen, while Germany, despite impressive victories on land early in the war appears to be woefully under resourced and flagrantly squandering what supplies it could call upon. What s more, after the initial glut of conquest booty, the occupied territories swiftly became a drain and burden that had to be manned and which proved a further drain on precious resources. The words Teutonic and efficiency usually go together; in the Second World War, nothing could have been farther from the truth. Image: Wikipedia. View the discussion thread. copy; Copyright 2019 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved
Squad up with Lil Wayne and cause an uproar in 4-player co-op, or try a different tactic with stealth and precision. Pre-order the Gold or Ultimate edition and start playing October 1. #GhostRecon #Breakpoint Tom Clancyâ€™s GhostÂ® Recon Breakpoint is a military shooter set in a diverse, hostile, and mysterious open world that you can play entirely solo or in four-player co-op. Injured, without support, and hunted down by ex-Ghosts, you must fight to survive while lost in Auroa. Choose the right alliances and decide how to take down your toughest enemy. KEY FEATURES DISCOVER A MYSTERIOUS AND DIVERSE ARCHIPELAGO Explore Auroa, home of the Silicon Valley giant Skell Technology, both on- and off-road, in the air, on land, and at sea. Immerse yourself in a mysterious place where the most architecturally advanced buildings meet the wildest and most untamed nature. From the highest fjords and snowy peaks to the deepest swamps, meet different factions â€“ from Skellers to Homesteaders to Outcasts â€“ that will impact your mission. What happened to Jace Skell? Who is pulling the strings? Find the truth and clear the plot! TAKE DOWN YOUR EX-BROTHER-IN-ARMS Face your toughest enemies, the Wolves, a lethal exâ€“US military unit gone rogue, ready to use the most effective killing machines to take you down. The Wolves used to be you. They have the same training and experience as you have. They have seized the archipelago of Auroa, taking control of the most important resources of the island: the drones. And they are led by your ex-brother-in-arms, Colonel Cole D. Walker, so you will have no choice but to confront your former teammate. LIVE THE LIFE OF A TRUE GHOST STRANDED BEHIND ENEMY LINES Test your survival skills and adapt to the varied terrains of Auroa. Steep slopes, accumulating injuries, and fatigue are the new challenges for you to tackle. Set up a camp with your teammates, manage your equipment, class, and weapons in your bivouac, and fine-tune your strategies. If youâ€™re wounded in battle, youâ€™ll have to crawl to the safety of cover to heal yourself, or if a teammate goes down, youâ€™ll need to pick them up and carry them to a safe place before treating their injuries. Use new tools, like the mini drone, that will allow you to sync shot several targets, even in solo. CUSTOMIZE YOUR GHOST AND EXPERIENCE FULL FREEDOM OF APPROACH Create your character and choose among thousands of customization combinations to create your perfect Ghost. Loot materials from the world, craft and upgrade your weapons with multiple attachment possibilities, and customize your gear in order to adapt your Ghost to any situation and to fit your playstyle. Experiment with a brand new class system to give you more chances to defeat your enemies. Do you want to play assault? You can go berserk. Do you want to play sniper? You can get special ammunition that gives you more range and accuracy. You can also play stealthy with the Panther class, and use a smoke bomb to get away from your enemies. Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Breakpoint is all about your choice, your way to have fun. ENJOY A TRUE SOCIAL EXPERIENCE WITH NEW SHARED PROGRESSION AND BEST-IN-CLASS ENDGAME CONTENT However you decide to play, in Tom Clancyâ€™s Ghost Recon Breakpoint, you will always keep the same character: the same customization, the same skills, and the same weapons. You keep and improve your progression across both our PvE and PvP experiences. Tom Clancyâ€™s Ghost Recon Breakpoint is also a truly social experience. Find your friends in the new Social HUB, play the campaign together, or enter a PvP arena to take on an intense 4v4 match. The adventure does not stop there! The game will be regularly updated and supported years after launch. New story arcs will keep expanding the story, new features will be continuously added, and new classes and gameplay possibilities will available to players, as well as events and a brand-new type of endgame content: Raids.
Call of Duty: Mobile is coming to Android and iOS on October 1. It's a free to play first person shooter game for the mobile phone, much like Call of Duty games on console and PC. The mobile version of the iconic game was announced in March, and pre registrations were opened up back then. Now, the company has confirmed that the game will be listed for all on Google Play and App Store users to download and play. Activision partnered with PUBG Mobile hitmaker Tencent Games to create Call of Duty: Mobile.After the success of Fortnite and PUBG Mobile, Activision wants to hop on to the bandwagon of battle royale action multiplayer games as well, and CoD Mobile will feature a Battle Royale mode with 100 players on a new map. The game features fan favourite maps, competitive game modes, familiar characters, and signature weapons inspired from Call of Duty: Black Ops, Call of Duty: Modern Warfare, and other Call of Duty franchise games. Call of Duty Mobile: players will get access to classic maps like Nuketown, Crash, Hijacked, Crossfire, Standoff, Crash, and Killhouse among others.
In a bid to tackle knife crime in London, new technology that can detect whether people are carrying hidden weapons has gone on trial in a London train station.
Since the first Borderlands game, weapon affixes (the words making up the gun's name) have been important. They determine all of the gun's stats over a predetermined baseline and were somewhat predictable once you saw enough of them. For example, in Borderlands 2 with Dahl manufactured weapons, an "Onslaught" assault rifle has a higher magazine capacity than the baseline, while a "Feral" assault rifle has higher fire rate and accuracy. These affixes were sometimes, but not always mutually exclusive, and Legendary weapons, in particular, are defined by their unique affixes (an accessory part), which makes certain Legendary weapons incompatible with certain other weapon parts.The annoying thing is, in previous games, you could not actually view these parts in detail in the game, you could only make educated guesses based on patterns from weapon stats, unless you used a third party program like Willowtree, a save editor that could also be used to custom create guns in your save file.