Onchocerciasis is caused by the infection of a specific type of parasitic worm inside the human body. The parasite is almost always transferred to the human body by black flies through biting. Global statistics show that onchocerciasis is the second highest infection based cause of blindness in the world, second only to trachoma. Common symptoms of onchocerciasis include bumps under the skin, excessive itching, and finally blindness. Studies show that a patient needs to be bitten for a large number of times to contract onchocerciasis.There are, unfortunately, no vaccines present that can eradicate onchocerciasis. The most common form of cure for onchocerciasis is prevention, which is largely done using insect repellents or fully protective clothing near or inside rivers. Additional research and development is also being made towards the use of specialized insecticides that can help eliminate black flies, while from a medical perspective, the people living close to rivers can be given protective treatments twice a year. Common treatment includes the administration of a drug named ivermectin once every six to twelve months. However, it should be noted that ivermectin only destroys the larva without killing the adults. They can be weakened using doxycycline, an antibiotic that kills the bacteria associated with the adults. Additionally, surgical treatment may be recommended to patients in order to remove the lumps under their skins. The WHO lists onchocerciasis as a neglected tropical disease, and approximately 15.5 mn people are known to be suffering from it.
The Bengaluru police on Monday arrested seven men for dressing up in white robes, wearing wigs covering their faces and scaring commuters on the road in Sharifnagar near Yeshwanthpur. Videos of the pranks they pulled on several homeless residents and commuters went viral soon after the arrest.In one of the videos, two men dressed like ghosts are seen running towards an autorickshaw in an attempt to scare the driver. The autorickshaw driver is seen reversing his vehicle and driving away with fear. Several other videos of the group trying to scare motorists have also gone viral.
Key point: He was a true menace for the Soviet Union. By May 8, 1945, Adolf Hitler had been dead for more than a week. Germany was in the act of formally surrendering to the Soviets and the Western Allies, so occupying Red Army troops in the eastern German town of Brunn were not expecting to witness what may have been World War II s last dogfight over Europe. They were watching entranced as a Red Air Force pilot entertained them with a one plane air show. He expertly put his Yakovlev Yak 9 single engine fighter through a series of intricate rolls, climbs, dives, and stalls while the infantrymen below applauded. Suddenly, a lone German Messerschmitt Me 109 dove on the unsuspecting Russian, riddling his Yak with machine gun bullets and 20mm cannon shells and sending it spinning toward the German countryside. As the stunned soldiers gathered around the oily bonfire that seconds earlier had been a lethal flying machine, the Luftwaffe pilot banked westward toward his final landing. Erich Hartmann, aerial warfare s supreme ace, had just scored his last kill number 352. Recommended: This Was the Plane That Almost Replaced the F 22 Raptor The son of a doctor, Hartmann was born on April 19, 1922. It was a hard time to be German. Just 31 2 years after its defeat in World War I, the Fatherland was helpless before its victorious, unsympathetic enemies. Political upheaval, poverty, and the worst inflation in history made life in Germany difficult, destitute, and dangerous. Jumping at the opportunity to escape this situation, Dr. Alfred Hartmann moved his practice to China. Despite the language barrier he got on well with his new patients, who were grateful to have such a skilled physician to tend their many maladies. They gathered at his office daily and gladly paid their bills on time. Being German, Dr. Hartmann was not generally associated with the European colonial powers that Asian nationalists were increasingly resisting. Nevertheless, when he found the severed heads of three British acquaintances on stakes outside his door one morning in 1929, he decided to gather up his beautiful wife Elisabeth and two little boys and return home, where he set up a new practice in Stuttgart. Recommended: Could the Battleship Make a Comeback? During the 1930s, while their country underwent drastic changes, Elisabeth and her sons embraced the national craze of gliding. Her eldest, Erich, developed a passionate love of flying, becoming one of many young Germans addicted to the sky. By the time Hitler came to power in 1933, an entire generation of Germany s young men were yearning to be aviators. Recommended: Why Doesn''t America Just Kill Kim Jong un? Erich Hartmann was born too late to participate in the Third Reich s early period of conquest from 1939 until mid 1942. In fact, when the European war broke out in September 1939, he had just been conscripted, at age 17, into the Hitler Youth. Still, he was enthusiastic about the war. It would give him the opportunity to pursue his dream of flight, so as soon as he graduated from high school in the spring of 1940, he enlisted in the Military Training Regiment based at Neukuhren, East Prussia. A free spirit, he would never completely conform to the restrictions of Nazi German military life. Also, he was emotionally distracted. He was madly in love with 16 year old Ursula Paetsch, and the two were planning to marry as soon as possible. Hartmann s fun loving inclinations and determination to stay closely in touch with his fiance frustrated his regulation bound flight instructors, but his flying ability became apparent as he quickly mastered the deadly but notoriously difficult to fly Me 109D. Unwilling to wash out such a terribly gifted student, the instructors tolerated his lack of self discipline as he continued to impress them in training. As the pivotal summer of 1942 broke over war torn Europe, Hartmann approached his final stages of training with typical brilliance, scoring 24 hits on a small, fluttering, infamously hard to hit drogue target towed by another plane on June 30. This was by far the best his instructors had ever seen from a trainee in his first attempt at aerial gunnery. One of Hartmann s future comrades on the Russian Front, Wilhelm Batz, literally took years to achieve such marksmanship. Considering Batz would finish the war with 237 kills, Hartmann s ability was apparent. After graduating from flight training, Erich was allowed a short visit to Stuttgart to see his parents and Ursula. Then, his superiors, anxious to get this deadly young hawk into action, rushed him to the Russian city of Maikop, where he joined Jagdgeschwader (Fighter Wing) 52, or JG 52. He would spend the rest of the war in the East, but first he had to overcome a shaky start. En route to their posting, he and three other novice second lieutenants passed through Krakow, Poland. There were no Me 109s stationed at the local Luftwaffe airfield, but the base commander had four Junkers Ju 87 Stuka dive bombers he needed delivered to Mariupol on the north coast of the Sea of Azov. He told the rookies that if they flew the Stukas to their destination they would have no trouble arranging transportation to nearby Maikop. Although utterly unfamiliar with the Ju 87, the first two lieutenants managed to lift off safely, but Hartmann and his last companion were another story. As Hartmann taxied down the dirt runway, his plane s brakes failed, and he crashed into the air traffic controller s wooden hut at the end of the landing strip, destroying both shed and plane. When the last youngster attempted to get airborne, his engine caught fire. When he tried to make an emergency landing, he somersaulted his Stuka. The commander, knowing he would be held responsible for the destruction, rushed the two baby pilots into the cargo bay of an eastbound Junkers Ju 52 transport plane before they could inflict more havoc. Hartmann s introduction to the convulsing Russian Front was as chaotic as the massive battles raging along its endless length that autumn of 1942. JG 52 was already established as a top Luftwaffe unit upon Hartmann s arrival. His commanding officer, 27 year old Colonel Dietrich Hrabak, was immediately impressed with the fearless confidence of this new arrival. Considering Hrabak already had 60 kills and wore the Knight s Cross, his opinion carried weight. He instantly had a high estimation of Hartmann. Hrabak immediately commenced versing the newcomers on all the aspects of combat flying not covered in the flight schools fine points that could only be gleaned and honed in battle. Up to now all your training has emphasized controlling your aircraft on operations, that is, making your muscles obey your will in flying your aircraft, Hrabak said. To survive in Russia and be successful fighter pilots you must now develop your thinking. You must act aggressively always, of course, or you will not be successful, but the aggressive spirit must be tempered with cunning, judgment, and intelligent thinking. Fly with your head and not with your muscles. Hrabak s instructions to just arrived neophytes were always a great asset to them, saving many of their lives. Also, the free spirited Hartmann liked the informality of the airmen at the front. Germany had been at war for three years by this point, and the tide was about to start turning. Never before had the Third Reich needed such young men as Erich Hartmann. Unfortunately for the Fatherland, there were far too few of his caliber. On October 10, 1942, Hartmann was assigned to the wing s III Gruppe, III JG.52, which was based on the banks of the Terek River north of the Caucasus Mountains. Posted to 7th Staffel, the 20 year old neophyte reported to the squad s commander, Major Hubertus von Bonin, who was much in Hrabak s mold, believing flying skill was more valuable than military modus operandi. Bonin informed the surprised recruit that rank did not determine which pilot commanded during combat operations. Whoever held the highest kill tally was in command while the units were airborne. A higher scoring lieutenant could chew out his commanding colonel in the heat of aerial battle, and not one word would be said about it after the planes landed. This state of affairs was perfect for Hartmann. His first dawn patrol was October 14, and it was almost his last. He flew as wingman for Sergeant Edmund Rossmann, who had 80 kills at that time. Rossmann could teach as well as he could fight and usually managed to bring his rookie wingmen home. He had barely enough skill to save this one, though. After climbing to 12,000 feet, the two plane element followed the Terek River to the city of Prokhladny, where Rossmann spied a formation of Soviet aircraft strafing a German supply column that was trying to leave the city. Radioing for his green wingman to follow, Rossmann dove at the Russians while a confused Hartmann (who still had not spotted the targets) followed close behind. After a plunge of almost a mile, he finally picked out the Red Air Force flight that Rossmann had been zeroing in on all along. 1 2 3 4 5 Next View the discussion thread. copy; Copyright 2019 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved
Srinagar, Nov 10 (UNI) Eid e Milad un Nabi, the birthday of Holy Prophet Muhammad, was on Sunday celebrated with religious fevour and gaiety in Kashmir valley, despite chilly weather conditions.Srinagar, Nov 10 (UNI) Border towns of Keran, Karnah and Machil and dozens of other villages near the Line of Control (LoC) remained cut off for the fifth consecutive day on Sunday due to accumulation of several feet of snow, slippery road conditions and threat of avalanches.
Watch the journey of Very Severe Cyclone Bulbul in less than a minute. At present, Bulbul is running parallel to the East Coast. Cyclone Bulbul to make landfall by Saturday evening between Sagar Islands, West Bengal and Khepupara, Bangladesh. Heavy rains and damaging winds likely in Coastal Odisha and West Bengal today.Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Bulbul has been moving at a speed of 15 kmph and is over Northwest Bay of Bengal, near Lat. 20.55 N and Long. 87.75 E, about 95 km ESE of Paradip, 140 km SSW of Sagar Islands, 100 km SE of Chandbali, 130 km SSW of Digha and 320 km SSW of Khepupara (Bangladesh).
Its construction, a sleek and contemporary interpretation of its Surface design language, makes few compromises. The Surface Pro X, in its matte black aluminum, looks downright cool. It retains the iconic (and, depending on how you 're sitting, inconvenient) kickstand that allows it to stand up like your standard laptop, or lay nearly flat, easel like, for any drawing you 'd like to do. Its rear camera shoots in 4K resolution, while its front facing camera does 1080p, and supports Windows Hello ''s facial recognition for password free logins. Its 13 inch touchscreen display is a delight to stare at, making text, images, and video look crisp.Still, it has the redundant Surface Connect Port used to charge the Surface or connect it to docks, a necessity made obsolete by the progress of the universal and capable USB C port, of which the Surface Pro X has two, like Apple ''s MacBook Air. Unfortunately, the 2 in 1 design does not include a headphone jack, an unfortunate omission considering the already sparse port count and less than stellar integrated stereo speakers.
Addressing a question about comments he made earlier this week at the U.S. Air Force startup pitch day event in California, Musk said that his stated launch cost of only around $2 million per Starship flight are essentially required, should the final goal be to set up a ;self sustaining city on Mars.; In order to make that city a reality, he added, SpaceX will need to build and fly around 1,000 Starships according to his estimates, which will need to transport cargo, infrastructure and crew to Mars over the course of around 20 years, since planetary alignment only really allows for a realistically achievable Mars flight once every two years.Musk addressed more near term potential for Starship as well, including how much payload capacity Starship will provide for Earth orbital transportation. Starship ''s design is intended to maximize re use, and in fact Musk noted that ideally it can fly up to three times per day. That amounts to more than 1,000 flights per year per Starship, which means that if they end up with as many Starships as they currently have built Falcon rockets (around 100) and those can each transport as much as 100 tons to orbit, then on an annual basis, SpaceX will be able to launch upwards of 10 million tons to orbit per year.
Motorola may be gearing up to bring the latest version of Android, i.e., Android 10 to its Motorola One Zoom and Moto Z4 smartphones. The company launched these two phones recently and both are powered by the Qualcomm Snapdragon 675 SoC. The Moto Z4 is the latest smartphone in the Z series that has been famous for its Moto Mods modular components snappable onto the back to enhance functionality. Both these smartphones shipped with Android Pie out of the box but have recently been spotted on Wi Fi Alliance website running Android 10.Both Motorola devices were spotted on the Wi Fi Alliance website, as first reported by Nashville Chatter. These devices were running on Android 10 at the time of certification. The Motorola One Zoom bears the XT2010 1 model number whereas the Moto Z4 has the XT1980 4 model number. Based on the certification it is clear that these smartphones are ready for Android 10 and the update could be rolled out in the near future.
Account Log in Home Latest Topics Magazine Newsletter Gift Subscribe Account Log in Home Latest Topics Magazine Newsletter Subscribe Subscription Biology Geoscience Mathematics Palaeontology Physics Space Technology More Digital Issues Buy a back issue Renew my subscription Give a Gift Manage my subscription Image of the Day Space 07 November 2019 1 minute read Share Toggle Dropdown Email to Kindle Save to Pocket Email link Print article Facebook Twitter Reddit Copy link Email link Print article The majesty of the southern sky TESS provides a unique panorama. Share Tweet NASA MIT TESS and Ethan Kruse (USRA) This mosaic of the southern sky was assembled from 208 images taken by NASA''s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) during its first year of science operations, completed in July 2019. The mission divided the southern sky into 13 sectors, each of which was imaged for nearly a month by the spacecraft''s four cameras.
According to Eversource, the two pieces of equipment are substantial mdash; more than 14 feet tall and weighing nearly 148,000 pounds. As a result of their size, they will be delivered on trucks that are nearly 140 feet long to the work site at 290 Railroad Ave.The under construction substation at that site will eventually be connected to the existing Eversource substation in Cos Cob.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will do everything to demonstrate soft landing of its satellite on the Moon, Chairman K. Sivan said on Saturday, nearly two months after such an attempt of Chandrayaan 2 failed.
"Yes, we could not achieve a soft landing, but all the systems functioned until 300 metre from the Moon''s surface. But now we have very valuable data to set things right," Sivan said while addressing the 50th convocation ceremony of IIT Delhi."Let me assure you that ISRO will pull all its experience, knowledge and technical prowess to set things right and demonstrate soft landing on Moon in the near future," Sivan said.
But in reality, does it hold water? For a variety of reasons, the impact of weather on voting is difficult to quantify, and the evidence is conflicted. An Inquirer study of 30 years of mayoral, gubernatorial, and presidential turnouts in Philadelphia failed to identify any impact.
You need to be passive aggressive to be a successful chef. You need to have the aggression that no one can see, shares Ranveer as we settle down to chat over cups of hot green tea. He has shed weight, and wears an air of calm, having just returned from a challenging trek in the Himalayas where he shot for a food show. The terrain challenges you, he confesses. But it has been the most beautiful, humbling experience of my entire life. Do you know people up there in the mountains survive on a modest intake of chai, butter, sattu... It is delicious, basic and just so fulfilling. Food needs to be simple and nourishing but sometimes, as chefs, we tend to overcomplicate things and this essence gets lost in the process, he says honestly, having brought back barley jau to experiment with in the kitchen. I study the ingredients I work with, understand why cultures used it the way they did, before coming up with my own renditions. Much like he brought home the best buckwheat in the world from Turtuk, near the Indo Pakistan border. Call it serendipity but he discovered the grain while delving into the kitchens of the locals as he shot for yet another series. Green apricot was also a treasured find here, he smiles.
Ethereum price is facing an uphill task versus the US Dollar, similar to bitcoin. ETH price could continue to trade in a range before the next move either above $186 or below $178.In the past few sessions, Ethereum was seen trading in a range above the $178 support against the US Dollar. ETH price made a couple of attempts to start a fresh increase, but it faced a strong resistance near the $185 and $186 levels.
Ethereum s price has been slowly grinding lower over the past 24 hours which comes about as the asset sees an even further decline in its on chain volume, and ETH is now at risk of breaking below a key short term support level, which could mean that a period of capitulation is imminent.In spite of this, one prominent analyst is noting that he believes that any potential price dip for both Ethereum and Bitcoin in the near term could simply be a bear trap that provides traders and investors alike with an ideal long entry.
According to our best estimates: Nearly 28,000 children from more than 60 different countries, including almost 20,000 from Iraq, remain trapped in the northeast, mostly in displacement camps.
During his address at the golden jubilee convocation of the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Sivan quoted, "Let me assure that ISRO will pull all its experience, knowledge and technical prowess to set things right and demonstrate soft landing in near the future"."On the technology part yes, we could not achieve a soft landing, but all the systems functioned until 300 metres from the moon''s surface. Very valuable data is available to set things right," he said and added that many advance satellite launches are being planned in the coming months.
Turkish Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu said foreign countries were taking the easy way out by stripping the citizenships of terrorists.Soylu ''s remarks came after Kaoutar S. and Fatima H. were arrested earlier this week in Turkey s capital Ankara after they illegally entered Turkey and applied to the Netherlands Embassy in Ankara to return to their home country.
Authorities lifted evacuation orders for a farm community Saturday as firefighters make progress on a large wildfire in Southern California that continues to threaten about 2,500 homes and buildings.Ventura County officials allowed an unknown number of residents in Somis to return home Saturday morning after firefighters contained 20 percent of the Maria Fire, which has burned nearly 15 square miles and forced nearly 11,000 people to evacuate.